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Professor Samuel Oak (Japanese: オーキド•ユキナリ博士 Dr. Yukinari Okido) is a Pokémon Professor and a major supporting character of the Pokémon anime who lives and works at his research lab in Pallet Town. He appears semi-regularly to give Ash Ketchum advice to help him achieve his goal of becoming the greatest Pokémon Master.
In Fossil Fools, Professor Oak mentioned that, at the age of six, he decided to become a Pokémon Professor after seeing the spirals of an Omanyte shell during a school excursion to a museum.
Professor Oak made his debut in Pokémon, I Choose You!, appearing on a late night television show explaining the three starter Pokémon that Pokémon Trainers would receive. The next day, three Trainers from Pallet Town, including his grandson, Gary Oak, came to his lab, ready to become Pokémon Trainers. Oak gave them each a Starter Pokémon, including giving Gary his Squirtle, though this wasn't revealed until much later in the series. Later that same day, Ash came to him as he was also starting his Pokémon journey and needed his first Pokémon as well. But because he was so late, the only Pokémon Oak had left was a rebellious Pikachu.
He appeared again in Pokémon Emergency where he called the Viridian City Pokémon Center after hearing that Ash had already made it there from his mother. He stated how he was surprised that he had made it that far, and expressed doubts he had when Ash first left. Mentioning making a bet of a million dollars with Gary that Ash hadn't captured any new Pokémon, he was disappointed to hear that this was indeed true and he had lost the bet with his grandson. When Ash told him that he had seen an unknown Pokémon, which resembled the stone carving above him, he waved it away as nonsense, saying that Trainers have searched their whole lives for that Pokémon, and none have succeeded.
Over the course of Ash and Gary's journeys, Professor Oak took care of the Pokémon they captured that were sent to his lab. He would often gloat about how much farther ahead his grandson was to Ash, which often caused him to be extra competitive. During the Indigo Plateau Conference, Oak became greatly disappointed when he discovered that Gary had lost in the third round, but decided to look on the bright side, telling Misty and Brock that it would do Gary good to learn that "every road, no matter how smooth, has its bumps along the way". He had arrived with Ash's mother with the goal of cheering Ash on in mind.
After the end of the Indigo Plateau Conference, Professor Oak asked Ash to pick up a mysterious Poké Ball from his friend, Professor Ivy, who lived on Valencia Island in the Orange Archipelago. He wasn't at all surprised when Ash called him asking if he could compete in the Orange League. Though he wanted to study the GS Ball, he also wanted Ash to compete in the league so that he can get more training. During Ash's adventures in the Orange Islands, he befriended a Pokémon watcher by the name of Tracey Sketchit who was a great admirer of Professor Oak. When they arrived back in Pallet Town, Tracey asked if he could become his assistant which he graciously accepted.
Not being able to discover the mystery behind the GS Ball, Professor Oak called for Ash's assistance once more and asked him to travel to the Johto region and give the Ball to his friend Kurt. He also explained that there were many new Pokémon out west which made Ash all the more eager to go and catch up with his rival, Gary.
Professor Oak traveled to Johto on a couple of occasions for conferences, most notably during Ash and Gary's battles in the Pokémon League Silver Conference.
Professor Oak made a few appearances during the Advanced Generation as well and was in a few episodes of the Weekly Pokémon Broadcasting Station's side story episodes.
In Gonna Rule the School, he was lecturing the students of Rustboro's Pokémon Trainers' School via satellite. Oak traveled to Hoenn in A Six Pack Attack! to meet with his friend, Professor Birch and brought along the Kanto starters as they interacted with the Hoenn starters.
In The Right Place and The Right Mime, Professor Oak noticed that one of his Squirtle felt most comfortable being with May. That was when he suggested that May keep the Squirtle and raise it into a strong Pokémon. He also said he would watch after her Bulbasaur.
In The Unbeatable Lightness of Seeing!, when Ash was still recovering from his defeat at the Battle Pyramid, Professor Oak brought him a special package meant to cheer him up, containing a poster with the prints of his Pokémon, a fishing lure from Misty, and food from his mother. He also handed Ash a postcard from Gary and told him that his grandson was doing research in the Sinnoh region and that many Pokémon who live there cannot be found anywhere else. Later, he was asked to judge the impromptu Contest Battle between May and Drew. Along with Scott, he judged their battle, which ended in a victory for Drew after his Roselia and Butterfree knocked out May's Combusken and Skitty.
Ash spoke to Professor Oak regularly over the phone while he traveled through the Sinnoh region. Dawn was able to recognize him from television, but it was because of his Pokémon poetry and not his research.
In Get Your Rotom Running!, Oak suggested that Ash and his friends should visit the Old Chateau to sample its famous delicacy, the Old Gateau.
Professor Oak in the Twinleaf Festival
In Strategy Begins at Home!, Ash called Professor Oak while staying at Johanna's house and said he would be training in Twinleaf Town for a while. Oak told him to use this opportunity to learn from Johanna, as her experience as a Top Coordinator could be helpful to him. Oak also announced that he would be attending the Twinleaf Festival as a special guest.
In A Faux Oak Finish!, he traveled to Sinnoh to give a lecture on "the interrelation of Pokémon and Evolutionary stones" on the first day of the Twinleaf Festival. However, on his way to Twinleaf Town, his car got a flat tire and forced him to make a stop near a marshland. While the driver was replacing the tire, Oak decided to explore the area. He found a group of wild Pokémon who led him to a cave where a depressed Lombre was hiding. Oak found out why Lombre was so sad and gave it a Water Stone, allowing it to evolve into Ludicolo and immediately taking it out of its depressed state.
Meanwhile, in Twinleaf, James was in the town's auditorium disguised as Oak plotting to steal all of the attendees' Pokémon. When Oak arrived there, everyone in the auditorium looked confused as James insisted he was the real Professor Oak. Seeing this, a Trainer in the audience sent out his Tyranitar and asked for help, saying he was having trouble with the Armor Pokémon. James failed to figure out what was the cause of the problem and was sent blasting off by Tyranitar, but Oak was able to help the Pokémon by removing a thorn from its foot. After that, Professor Oak proceeded to give his lecture.
Professor Oak was given a major redesign in the Best Wishes series, using a different shirt collar style and wearing his lab coat above it. His hairstyle also changed, becoming more boxy. These changes make his look closely resemble his most recent game counterpart artwork.
Oak made plans to travel to the Unova region to meet with his friend, Professor Juniper, in In The Shadow of Zekrom! and invited Delia and Ash to go with him. He has since returned to Kanto as seen in Crisis from the Underground Up! where Ash calls his laboratory from Nimbasa City.
In New Places... Familiar Faces!, Ash called Professor Oak to inform about his loss at the Vertress Conference. In The Fires of a Red-Hot Reunion!, the Professor appeared again in a video lecture about the Kanto starter Pokémon that was presented at the Kanto Fair, accompanied by Tracey. Later, Ash's Charizard came to his lab from the Charicific Valley so Ash would switch him for his Unfezant. Oak liked the idea of Unfezant being with him, as she could make good friends with Ash's Noctowl and Staraptor.
In To Catch a Rotom!, he appeared in the Decolore Islands, having traveled to Torom Island. Professor Oak wished to capture a Rotom to study, and eventually succeeded after helping Ash and his friends defeat Team Rocket.
As seen in Butterfree and Me!, Professor Juniper sent Ash's Pokémon caught in Unova to Oak's laboratory; Ash contacted Oak to get Leavanny sent to him to help a Caterpie evolve.
In The Dream Continues! Professor Oak was interviewed by Alexa, a reporter from the Kalos region which gave him a chance to see Pokémon from there much to his delight. He was later present when Ash announced his intention to return with Alexa to Kalos to challenge its league. As usual, Professor Oak was entrusted with the care of the Pokémon Ash had caught in Unova, as well as Charizard who would be remaining at the lab permanently from then on.
Professor Oak appeared briefly in A Battle of Aerial Mobility!, where he was introduced to Froakie before being shocked by Rotom.
He was later mentioned in Battling on Thin Ice!, where it was revealed that Ash and Serena both attended his Pokémon Summer Camp during their childhood.
In Till We Compete Again!, he joined in on a video call with Delia to Ash and his friends, where he learned Ash was going to return to Pallet Town later that day.
After winning a trip to the Alola region, Delia and Ash headed to Professor Oak's lab, where he received Ash's on-hand Pokémon and took the opportunity to entrust Delia with a Pokémon Egg. He asked her to deliver the egg to his cousin Samson Oak, at the Pokémon School on Melemele Island.
After meeting with Delia in Alola to New Adventure!, Samson made a video call to Professor Oak and notified him the egg arrived safely. Professor Oak did not tell Ash what Pokémon it was, so only after hatching in Getting to Know You! was it revealed to be a Vulpix, which Samson kept.
Professor Oak reappeared again in Alola, Kanto!, where Ash, his classmates, Samson, and Professor Kukui, who were all visiting Kanto, arrived at his lab.
Professor Oak appeared on television in Night of a Thousand Poses!.
Professor Oak lives up the road from Delia Ketchum and her son, and he and Delia often appear together as good friends. His known relatives are his grandson Gary and his cousin Samson. He is also good friends with Professors Birch and Juniper.
His often-forgetful attitude and other antics are notorious. He also has a hobby of composing senryū, haiku-like poems about Pokémon or Pokémon-related themes.
In the novelizations written by Takeshi Shudō, Professor Oak comes from a prestigious family. He has two brothers, one of whom is the mayor of Pallet Town while the other is its postmaster, and his grandfather was the first Trainer from Pallet Town to receive widespread recognition, while Samuel himself gained prominence after he published a research paper on Pokémon at the age of 20. It is also stated that he became a professor at Celadon University at the age of 25. According to Professor Elm, Professor Oak's studies and research mostly focus on how humans and Pokémon interact with each other.
This listing is of Professor Oak's known Pokémon in the anime:
- Various Pokémon are used in his lectures, which may belong to him or to Trainers whose Pokémon he cares for.
Gives to new Trainers
| Charmander is a Pokémon that Professor Oak gives to new Trainers. Charmander was mentioned in the first episode of the anime, as one of the three Starter Pokémon new Trainers in Pallet Town can choose from. Ash dreamed of owning one, although it was his last choice of a starter coming after Squirtle and Bulbasaur. However, when he arrived at Professor Oak's Laboratory, he found out it was too late, as another Trainer who started the same day had already taken it.
In Journey to the Starting Line!, Gilbert was intended to start his journey as a Pokémon Trainer, but the trio of Kanto Starter Pokémon were scared off when Ash's Tauros stampeded through Professor Oak's house. Professor Oak, Tracey, Delia and Gilbert split up in order to find the three missing Pokémon. The Charmander was the first one to be found.
Another one appears in A Six Pack Attack!, where Oak shows them to Max. Suddenly, Team Rocket captures them along with the other Kanto and Hoenn starters. Max is able to find them and then has Torchic and Charmander heat the cage with Ember until finally they are free. It then helps send Team Rocket blasting off. Another one appears in The Right Place at the Right Mime! along with the other starters.
Various Charmander's known moves are Ember.
|| Pokémon - I Choose You!
| Squirtle is a Pokémon that Professor Oak gives to new Trainers. Squirtle was mentioned in the first episode of the anime, as one of the three Starter Pokémon new Trainers in Pallet Town can choose from. Ash dreamed of owning one, and it was his first choice of a starter. However, when he arrived at Professor Oak's Laboratory, he found out it was too late, as another Trainer who started the same day had already taken it.
In Journey to the Starting Line!, a set of the three Kanto starter Pokémon in which a boy named Gilbert was supposed to choose from as his starting Pokémon were scared off by Ash's Tauros. Professor Oak, Tracey, Delia, and Gilbert had to split up and find the three missing Pokémon. Squirtle was the second one found. The Tiny Turtle Pokémon was stuck in a tree that was hanging over a cliff. Ash's Bulbasaur managed to catch the Squirtle before it could fall off the cliff.
Another one appears in A Six Pack Attack!, where Oak shows them to Max. Suddenly, Team Rocket captures them along with the other Kanto and Hoenn starters. Max finds them and asks Mudkip and Squirtle to cool the bars with Water Gun which eventually frees them. It then helps send Team Rocket blasting off. Another one appears in The Right Place at the Right Mime! along with the other starters, in the end May claims Squirtle.
Various Squirtle's known moves are Tackle and Water Gun.
|| Pokémon - I Choose You!
Gave away to Trainers
Residing at his Lab
There are various Pokémon that live on the Oak Corral. Only a handful have been seen but there are various kinds of different Pokémon. People like Professor Oak and Tracey care for them. Other Trainers' Pokémon reside here such as Gary's.
Previously resided at his Lab
- Main article: Sam
Oak appeared as a young boy, Sam (Japanese: ユキナリ Yukinari) in Celebi: The Voice of the Forest. Ash befriended the young Oak, who, because he time-traveled from 40 years in the past, was around the same age as Ash. The revelation that Sam is Oak, while inferred thanks to disclosure of Oak's first name in The Power of One, comes only at the end of the movie when Oak implicitly confirmed the connection through his knowledge of Sam's name despite Ash having never told him of it. Additionally, Tracey discovered the sketchbook in which young Sam drew Pikachu sleeping with Celebi in Oak's closet.
In the main series, Oak never revealed or discussed Charmeleon, though his past as a Trainer was vaguely mentioned by Agatha in The Scheme Team.
Despite the fact that Sam saw many Generation II Pokémon throughout the movie (notably the Mythical Celebi and the Legendary Suicune), the Pokédex he gifts Ash in the Kanto arc only catalogs Generation I Pokémon, claiming that they were all the Pokémon that the world knows. This discrepancy is likely no longer canon, instead representing a silent retcon that occurred due to the ever-increasing number of Pokémon; indeed, Pokémon from Generation II, Generation III, and Generation IV are able to be trained in Kanto during the Generation I remakes FireRed and LeafGreen, as well as during the Generation II remakes HeartGold and SoulSilver. Perhaps to avoid a similar plothole, the number of Pokémon as of the current generation is no longer explicitly mentioned in anime-related media.
This article is missing information on this character's Japanese voice actor.
You can help by adding this information.
- Main article: Celebi (M04)
Sam met this Celebi during his time. However, it bumped into him while on the pursuit of a Pokémon Hunter which accidentally transports him to the present time of Ash and company. This time, the Iron-Masked Marauder was after Celebi. After Ash and Sam defeated the Marauder by snapping Celebi out of its dark self and got revived by the other Celebi from the past, this Celebi that met Sam took him back to his own time.
|| Celebi: The Voice of the Forest
| Voice actors
|| Kazuko Sugiyama
|| Kazuko Sugiyama
|| Spoilers end here.
In I Choose You!
Professor Oak appeared in I Choose You!, which is set in a timeline separate from the main series. He welcomed Ash when he showed up late at his laboratory and informed him that Squirtle, Bulbasaur, and Charmander had already been chosen by other Trainers. Nonetheless, he had a fourth Pokémon to give to Ash, a stubborn Pikachu. Ash chose Pikachu, and as such, Professor Oak gave him its Poké Ball. Pikachu immediately proved to be quite the problem for Ash, as he shocked him and Professor Oak.
Gives to new Trainers
| Bulbasaur is one of the Pokémon Professor Oak gives away to new Trainers. It was chosen by Marina.
None of Bulbasaur's moves are known.
|| I Choose You!
| Charmander is one of the Pokémon Professor Oak gives away to new Trainers. It was chosen by Tierno.
None of Charmander's moves are known.
|| I Choose You!
|| Pikachu ♂
- Main article: Ash's Pikachu (M20)
Pikachu is a fourth Pokémon that Professor Oak gives away to new Trainers. He is harder to control than the other Pokémon Oak gives away. He was the only Pokémon left, and as such he was given to Ash, who had slept late on the day he was supposed to get his first Pokémon.
|| I Choose You!
Residing at his lab
|| Voice actor
|| 石塚運昇 Unshō Ishizuka (EP001-SM048)|
堀内賢雄 Kenyu Horiuchi
戸田恵子 Keiko Toda (young)
|| Stan Hart (EP001-AG133, M02-M04)|
Carter Cathcart (AG186-present, The Mastermind of Mirage Pokémon, M20)
Tara Jayne (young, M04)
|| مروان فرحات Marwan Farhat
|| Martí Pich
|| Jiří Prager (season 1-4, movie 2)|
Jan Maxián (DP001)
Zdeněk Hruška (the rest of season 10)
Michal Holán (season 11)
Milan Horský (movie 4 old)
Klára Sochorová (movie 4 young)
|| Michael Elo|
|| Jon van Eerd (EP001 - AG092)|
Tony Neef (AG093-present)
|| Jefferson Utanes
|| Arto Nieminen (EP001-EP050, movies 2 and 4)|
Pauli Virta (EP065-EP079, EP127-AG017, movie 3)
Unknown voice actor (EP117)
Vesa Hämes (AG071-AG088)
Kari Tamminen (AG112-AG133)
Unknown voice actor (The Mastermind of Mirage Pokémon)
Pasi Ruohonen (AG186-AG192, DP092-XY003)
Aku Laitinen (DP001-DP052)
Tero Koponen (XY140)
Markus Bäckman (SM001-present, movie 20)
|| Alain Sauvage
|| Jean-Marc Delhausse
|| Achim Geisler
|| Λουκάς Φραγκούλης Loukas Frangoulis (EP001 - XY003)|
Αργύρης Παυλίδης Argiris Pavlidis (SM001-present)
|| יהויכין פרידלנדר Yehoyachin Friedlander|
עמי מנדלמן Ami Mendelman (EP113)
|| फिरोज चोधरी Firoz Chowdary (Cartoon Network dub)|
ॐ झा Aum Jha (Hungama dub)
|| Ákos Kőszegi|
Gabor Vass (AG onward)
|| Arnar Jónsson (M03)
|| Dadan Sundana (Johto saga)|
Frenddy J.H. Pangkey (DP series)
Turi Sandos (BW001-present)
|| Riccardo Rovatti|
Federico Danti (BW109, SS026)
|| 구자형 Gu Jahyeong (original series)|
장광 Jang Gwang (AG, DP series)
신용우 Shin Yongu (BW series onward)
|| Even Rasmussen|
|| Grzegorz Pawlak (seasons 1-4; all dubbed movies)|
Jacek Kałucki (seasons 5-6)
Janusz Wituch (season 10-present)
|| Wellington Lima (Seasons 1-8, 16-17)|
Carlos Seidl (Movies 1-3 - TV version)
Alexandre Moreno (Movie 1 - DVD/VHS version)
Rodrigo Andreatto (young)
Dráusio de Oliveira (Pokémon Chronicles, Seasons 9-14)
Hélio Ribeiro (XY140)
Júlio Chaves (Season 20-present)
|| Rui Luís Brás (Kanto, movies 3 and 4)|
Rui Quintas (Johto-Battle Frontier)
Paulo B. (movies 1 and 2)
|| Анатолий Зиновенко Anatolii Zinovenko
|| Latin America
|| Hugo Navarrete|
Arturo Castañeda (young)
|| Roberto Encinas|
Chelo Vivares (young)
|| Bengt Järnblad (M20)|
|| Tunç Özdil|
Erhan Türkmen (M03)
In the manga
Professor Oak in Ash & Pikachu
In the Ash & Pikachu manga
Professor Oak first appeared in Do Your Best Bulbasaur!! of the Ash & Pikachu manga.
Seen in his lab
In The Electric Tale of Pikachu manga
Professor Oak in The Electric Tale of Pikachu
Professor Oak makes a few appearances in The Electric Tale of Pikachu manga. He is a role model to Ash and is Bill's mentor. Unlike in the anime, he does not give Ash his Pikachu; in fact, he does not meet Ash until after he has already begun his Pokémon journey.
Ash meets Professor Oak for the first time in Clefairy Tale. They meet at Mt. Moon after Ash has been wandering lost in the mountains for weeks, searching for a rare Clefairy. Oak, who has been living among the Clefairy, rescues Ash and introduces him to Bill and a tribe of wild Clefairy. The three attend the tribe's evolution ceremony, after which Oak gives Ash the latest upgrade to the Pokédex for free, months before it will be available to the public.
Ash later encounters Oak again in Clefairy in Space, where he is investigating strange activity, which turned out to be caused by another group of Clefairy.
Ash encounters Oak one last time at the Pokémon Research Center in The Orange Islands, shortly before he travels to the Orange Archipelago. Here, the Professor and Bill are researching a giant Slowpoke that was found in the Pokémon Storage System.
In this canon, Oak first began his Pokémon journey when he was six years old, in which he traveled with his father (who was also a Professor) on research expeditions. During his first journey, he caught a Charmander which eventually evolved into a Charmeleon and then a Charizard.
This listing is for Professor Oak's known Pokémon in The Electric Tale of Pikachu manga.
| Professor Oak mentions that when he was a beginning Trainer, he caught a Charmander that he named Char (Japanese: ヒーくん Hi-kun). Char would later evolve into a Charmeleon and Charizard.
None of Char's moves are known.
|| Clefairy Tale
In the movie adaptations
In the I Choose You! manga
Professor Oak appeared in the manga adaptation of the 20th movie. Similar to the movie, he welcomed Ash to his lab when Ash came in late. When Ash offered to have a Squirtle, Bulbasaur, or Charmander, Professor Oak informed him that those Pokémon were already given to other Trainers. Ash saw that a Charmander was there but Cross came by and took the Charmander as he was the Trainer who picked Charmander. With no other choice, Ash was given a Pikachu from Professor Oak. Pikachu did not become fond of Ash at first as he shocked him and Professor Oak.
Gives to new Trainers
Gave away to new Trainers
In the Pocket Monsters the Movie: I Choose You! Remix manga
Professor Oak appeared in ICYR1. When Ash arrived late to his lab, Professor Oak welcomed him. He then informed Ash that the three Pokémon that he wanted were not available. As such, Ash had to choose Pikachu. Professor Oak then explained to Ash about Pikachu. However, both Ash and Pikachu got off on a rocky start since Pikachu used an Electric-type move on Ash.
Gives to new Trainers
Gave away to new Trainers
||オーキド ユキナリ博士 Dr. Yukinari Okido
||オーキッド Ōkiddo, orchid. 大木戸 Ōkido is a Japanese family name and placename. Literally, big-tree family.
|English, Spanish, Italian
||Professor Samuel (Sammy) Oak
||Oak tree, perhaps derived from Japanese Ōkido. His given name could possibly be derived from the Salem Oak, a long-lived tree of Salem, New Jersey.
||From chêne, oak
||Same as English name
||Professor Samuel (Sam) Eich
||From Eiche, oak
||오용호 박사 Dr. O Yongho
||오 (伍) O is a Korean family name, probably chosen because of its similarity to the first syllable in Ōkido.
||大木博士 Dr. Dàmù
雪成・大木 Xuěchéng Dàmù (full name)
|大木 (big tree) is from 大木 Ōki|
雪成 is from Japanese 雪成り yuki nari, "to become snow"
||Profesor Okido (Kanto saga)
Profesor Oak (Sinnoh-present)
|Same as Japanese and English name
||Professor Samuel (Sam) Carvalho
||From carvalho, oak
||Профессор Семуель (Сэм) Оук
Professor Semuyel' (Sem) Ouk
|From English name
||ดร.ออคิด Dr. Orkid
|Similar to the Japanese name|
Same as Japanese name