Canon

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Canon refers to all official and undeniable information within a general series. Originally a religious term used to refer to which scriptures written "counted" in a religion, the term has expanded to have meaning in fictional series as well.

In the Pokémon franchise there are several canons, usually sharing elements and concepts among them, most notably the existence of Pokémon. Aside from this and the interrelation of the various species of Pokémon (such as by evolution), these worlds can vary from one another in canon and storyline either very little or very greatly.

Canon is different from fanon in that, while fanon things may be mutually agreed upon by most, and possibly all, fans, they are never officially stated.

List of canons

Games

The canon of the core series considers the following:

Anime

The canon of the Pokémon anime considers the following:

  • The events of each and every episode are canon, and occur in chronological order with the exception of EP052 and EP053, which takes place before EP049. Also, the special episodes Holiday Hi-Jynx and Snow Way Out! take place either directly before or after EP039 (airing of these and some other episodes was postponed due to EP038 incident).
  • All movies except Pokémon the Movie: I Choose You! are canon to the TV series (although only one of the two versions of the 14th movie is canon), and usually act the same as filler episodes, as Ash and his friends do not obtain, evolve, or release any Pokémon, and do not earn any Badges or Ribbons. Often a movie takes place chronologically between the episodes which it premieres between in Japan.
  • The Japanese version of the anime supersedes any and all dubs if there is conflict between them, unless the dub corrects an obvious error. If something is said in a dub that is not mentioned in the original, it may not be canon.
  • Pokémon Origins and Pokémon Generations are separate series from the Pokémon anime, so are separate canons.

Manga

The canon of the various Pokémon manga considers the following:

Differences between canons

Characters that are well known in the Pokémon franchise can have vast differences between the various canons. For example, in the games, Brock is a well-known Gym Leader, the toughest Trainer in the area of Pewter City, and remains as the leader of its Gym between the time of Red/Leaf's journey and Ethan/Kris/Lyra's. In the anime, however, while he is a tough Trainer, his true calling is as a Pokémon Breeder (and later on, a Pokémon Doctor), and he took the mantle of Pewter Gym Leader only because both of his parents left on their own Pokémon journeys, leaving him in the care of the Gym and their rather large family. Differences can go much further than that, with Sabrina being a kind shrine maiden in The Electric Tale of Pikachu, a misguided young woman due to the development of her powers in the anime, and a Team Rocket member in Pokémon Adventures.