From Bulbapedia, the community-driven Pokémon encyclopedia.
If you were looking for either of the Pokémon Trading Card Game expansions sometimes abbreviated as TM, see EX Team Magma vs Team Aqua (TCG) or Triumphant (TCG).
A Technical Machine, or TM for short (Japanese: わざマシン Move Machine), is a machine used by Pokémon Trainers to teach a Pokémon a new move that it might not learn otherwise. Prior to Generation V, TMs were single-use items, unlike Hidden Machines, which can be used over and over again on many different Pokémon. TMs can be found on the ground or bought at department stores. Some are also given away by Gym Leaders as prizes for defeating them in addition to a Badge. Silph Co. has distributed a pamphlet containing information on TMs and HMs, indicating they are, at least partially, developed or produced by the company.
Mutually-compatible TMs will also be passed down through breeding (such as Flamethrower from a father Typhlosion to a baby Torchic), though prior to Generation V there were several Pokémon that could only learn certain moves contained in TMs via breeding, such as Vulpix with Energy Ball.
The depiction of TMs has changed over time. In the TCG, they are shown as small boxes that the Poké Ball would be inserted into, but from FireRed and LeafGreen onwards, they have been depicted as compact discs that are inserted into the TM Case and the case itself teaches the Pokémon the move. In Pokémon Origins, TMs and HMs resemble floppy discs, but how they work is never shown.
For the in-game locations of TMs, see List of TM and HM locations.
TM through generations
Generation I featured 50 TMs, with an additional five HMs. Move Tutors in FireRed, LeafGreen, and Emerald teach several of the moves that were removed from the TM list between Generation I and Generation III.
Generation II introduced several new TMs, a majority of which were new moves introduced in this generation. There remained 50 TMs, as some Generation I TMs were removed. Several moves that were contained in TMs in Generation II but were no longer contained within TMs during Generation III can be taught by a Move Tutor in Pokémon Emerald.
In Generation III, more moves were introduced, and the TM list was again adjusted. The 50-TM limit remained, and several older moves became TMs—including some that lost their TM status between Generations I and II.
Due to the connectivity with the Generation III games, the 50-TM list was not redone in Generation IV. To include new moves and incorporate older moves as TMs, the TM list was expanded from 50 to 92, leaving the first 50 TMs intact. With the eight HMs, the number of machine-learnable moves in Generation IV was at an even 100.
In Generation V, TMs have changed from being single-use items to having infinite uses, making them akin to HMs. In addition, when a Pokémon learns a move from a TM or HM by overwriting an old one, the new move takes on the current PP of the forgotten move. This prevents repeated usage of machines for the purpose of PP restoration. The prices of the purchasable TMs are also much higher, and they can no longer be held or sold. On the other hand, in Mystery Dungeon: Gates to Infinity, they can be sold. The number of TMs was expanded once again from 92 to 95. However, many of the 92 TMs found in Generation IV contain different moves. As there are only six HMs, there are 101 machine-learnable moves normally available in Generation V.
In Generation VI, TMs continued to be multiple-use items. Most TMs contained the same moves that they did in Generation V, with the exceptions of TM19, TM51, TM83, and TM88. Additionally, the number of TMs was increased to an even 100, with five more TM moves being added. As there are only five HM moves in Generation VI, there are now 105 machine-learnable moves. Also, unlike in Generation V, when a Pokémon learns a move from a TM or HM by overwriting an old one, the new move is learned with full PP, instead of taking on the current PP of the forgotten move.
List of TMs
Move Tutor moves
- Main article: Move Tutor
Though technically not TMs, some moves can only be obtained via a Move Tutor: a non-player character who teaches the desired move to a single Pokémon. Often, these moves are moves which were formerly contained in TMs. They first appeared in Crystal, where outside of the Goldenrod City Game Corner a man would teach a compatible Pokémon Flamethrower, Ice Beam, or Thunderbolt for 4000 coins on certain days of the week.
This was continued in FireRed and LeafGreen, where Trainers could encounter NPCs who would offer to teach a Pokémon a move that was not otherwise available to it. All but three of these moves (the elemental Hyper Beam variations) were available as TMs in Red, Blue, and Yellow; FireRed and LeafGreen use the updated TM list of Generation III.
In Emerald, the same moves were able to be learned via Move Tutors, with the addition of some outdated Generation II TMs as well.
Although most Pokémon are able to learn a wide range of TM moves, there are 19 Pokémon who cannot learn any. Typically, these Pokémon are low in their evolutionary line or rely on a set moveset.
In all six Generations, there have been moves exclusively taught by TMs:
Several moves taught by TM in an earlier generation returned as TMs later on after being absent, but assigned with a different TM number.
In the anime
In the main series
Even though TMs and HMs have not appeared in the anime, there are known cases of Pokémon learning TM moves they are compatible with naturally, such as Dawn's Buneary, who knew Ice Beam before being captured. There are also cases of Pokémon learning TMs through practice and tutoring, such as Ash's Swellow's Aerial Ace.
In Pokémon Origins
TM34 (Bide) made an appearance in the Pokémon Origins episode File 1 - Red. Much like in Pokémon Red and Blue, it was given to Red by Brock as a reward for defeating him in a Gym battle.
Another TM, TM28 (Dig), also made a brief appearance in File 2 - Cubone, where Red retrieved it from a Team Rocket Grunt who had stolen it.
In the TCG
In the TCG, Technical Machines are types of Trainer cards. Unlike the games, they do not follow any specific numbering.
- 165 different moves have been available as a TM, adding together the TMs from every generation.
- Gym Leaders who give out a TM on their defeat typically give out one containing a move of their specialty type. However, in their respective first generation of an appearance each, Brock and Falkner do not, giving out TM34 (Bide) (a Normal-type move) and TM31 (Mud-Slap) (a Ground-type move), respectively. This is rectified in the remakes of their debut games with Brock giving away TM39 (Rock Tomb) while Falkner's prize is TM51 (Roost). Likewise, Cilan, Chili and Cress do not give out TMs matching their specialty type, instead giving out the Normal-type TM83 (Work Up), regardless of which of the three is battled.
- Prior to Generation III, TMs given out by the starting region's Gym Leaders teach moves that no Pokémon learns naturally. There is one exception: in Pokémon Yellow, Red's Pikachu learns Thunderbolt in place of Swift.
- Until Generation V, TM01 always taught a move that involved punching; it was Mega Punch in Generation I, DynamicPunch in Generation II, and Focus Punch in Generations III and IV. The current TM01, Hone Claws, still involves the appendages.
- Many TMs have remained the same for several generations:
- TMs 06, 14, 15, 22, 25, 26, 28, 29, 32, 38, and 44 have contained the same move in all six generations.
- TMs 05 (Mega Kick/Roar), 10 (Double-Edge/Hidden Power), 11 (BubbleBeam/Sunny Day), 17 (Submission/Protect), 18 (Counter/Rain Dance), 21 (Mega Drain/Frustration), 27 (Fissure/Return), 30 (Teleport/Shadow Ball), 36 (Selfdestruct/Sludge Bomb), 37 (Egg Bomb/Sandstorm), 45 (Thunder Wave/Attract) and 46 (Psywave/Thief) have contained the same move since Generation II.
- TMs 19 (Seismic Toss/Giga Drain/Telekinesis), 23 (Dragon Rage/Iron Tail/Smack Down) and 47 (Explosion/Steel Wing/Low Sweep) taught the same move in Generations II-IV, but two different ones in Generations I and V.
- TMs 13 (Ice Beam/Snore), 24 (Thunderbolt/DragonBreath), and 33 (Reflect/Ice Punch) are the only TMs that taught one move in Generation I, a different one in Generation II, and then returned to the move they taught in Generation I in Generations III to V.
- TMs 39 (Swift/Rock Tomb) and 42 (Dream Eater/Facade) had the same move in Generations I and II, but a different one in Generations III to V.
- TMs 01 (Mega Punch/DynamicPunch/Focus Punch/Hone Claws), 03 (Swords Dance/Curse/Water Pulse/Psyshock), 09 (Take Down/Psych Up/Bullet Seed/Venoshock), 34 (Bide/Swagger/Shock Wave/Sludge Wave), 43 (Sky Attack/Detect/Secret Power/Flame Charge), 48 (Rock Slide/Fire Punch/Skill Swap/Round), and 49 (Tri Attack/Fury Cutter/Snatch/Echoed Voice) are the only TMs that have taught four different moves.
- No TM has taught a different move in each of the five generations because every Generation III TM was retained for Generation IV.
- 24 of the 50 TMs in Generation I taught Normal-type moves, and no TMs taught Bug- or Ghost-type moves. In Generation II, all types had a TM except for Flying, and finally, in Generation III, Bug was again without a TM. Generation IV is the first generation in which there is at least one TM that teaches a move of each Pokémon type.
- Curse, the only move that was ever ???-type in the main series games, is taught by TM03 in Generation II.
- Rock Smash, which was TM08 in Generation II, became HM06 in Generation III and IV and then returned to its TM status in Generation V, as TM94.
- Flash, which was HM05 in Generations I, II, and III became TM70 in Generation IV.
- With few exceptions, all Pokémon who are compatible with TMs can learn the following moves:
- Generation I: 06 (Toxic), 10 (Double-Edge), 20 (Rage), 31 (Mimic), 32 (Double Team), 34 (Bide), 44 (Rest), 50 (Substitute).
- Generation II: 03 (Curse), 06 (Toxic), 10 (Hidden Power), 13 (Snore), 17 (Protect), 20 (Endure), 21 (Frustration), 27 (Return), 32 (Double Team), 34 (Swagger), 35 (Sleep Talk), 44 (Rest), 45 (Attract).
- Generation III: 06 (Toxic), 10 (Hidden Power), 17 (Protect), 21 (Frustration), 27 (Return), 32 (Double Team), 42 (Facade), 43 (Secret Power), 44 (Rest), 45 (Attract).
- Generation IV: 06 (Toxic), 10 (Hidden Power), 17 (Protect), 21 (Frustration), 27 (Return), 32 (Double Team), 42 (Facade), 43 (Secret Power), 44 (Rest), 45 (Attract), 58 (Endure), 78 (Captivate), 82 (Sleep Talk), 83 (Natural Gift), 87 (Swagger), 90 (Substitute).
- Generation V: 06 (Toxic), 10 (Hidden Power), 17 (Protect), 21 (Frustration), 27 (Return), 32 (Double Team), 42 (Facade), 44 (Rest), 45 (Attract), 48 (Round), 87 (Swagger), 90 (Substitute).
- Generation VI: 06 (Toxic), 10 (Hidden Power), 17 (Protect), 21 (Frustration), 27 (Return), 32 (Double Team), 42 (Facade), 44 (Rest), 45 (Attract), 48 (Round), 87 (Swagger), 88 (Sleep Talk), 90 (Substitute), 100 (Confide).
- Generation IV TMs 19 (Giga Drain), 23 (Iron Tail), 48 (Skill Swap), 49 (Snatch), 51 (Roost), 59 (Dragon Pulse), 60 (Drain Punch), 67 (Recycle), 76 (Stealth Rock), 79 (Dark Pulse), and 82 (Sleep Talk) all lost their TM status in Pokémon Black and White, but were added back as Move Tutor moves in Pokémon Black 2 and White 2.
- Dark Pulse, Roost and Sleep Talk regained their TM status in Pokémon X and Y, albeit as different numbered TMs.
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