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The sixth generation (Japanese: 第６世代 sixth generation, rendered as 第六世代 among fans) of Pokémon is the sixth installment of the Pokémon video game series, starting with Pokémon X and Y in 2013 and concluding with Pokémon Omega Ruby and Alpha Sapphire in 2014. This generation saw the debut of 72 new Pokémon species (for a total of 721), as well as the introduction of the Kalos region and the return of the Hoenn region. The games of the sixth generation are in full 3D and are presented on the Nintendo 3DS, a first for the core series.
The sixth generation of Pokémon was announced with the reveal of Pokémon X and Y on January 8, 2013. These games were released internationally in October of the same year; the tie-in anime series began airing one week later. Pokémon X and Y continued the established tradition of two paired games with slight variations between the two versions. Between them, these games introduced 72 new Pokémon species, 57 new moves, and 26 new Abilities. New gameplay advances were added, including a new battle mechanic called Mega Evolution. Among other changes, the games' type chart was modified for the first time since Generation II, some twelve years earlier: Ghost- and Dark-type moves now have normal effectiveness against Steel-types and a new Fairy type has been introduced.
The second pairing of games in Generation VI was announced on May 7, 2014. Pokémon Omega Ruby and Alpha Sapphire, which are remakes of the third-generation Pokémon Ruby and Sapphire, were released worldwide for the Nintendo 3DS in November 2014.
The Generation VI games are not isolated from previous iterations and can communicate with the fifth-generation games Black, White, Black 2, and White 2 through an online application known as Pokémon Bank. This feature, which is available for download from the Nintendo eShop, acts primarily as online storage for Pokémon species. It was first launched in Japan on December 25, 2013, although unexpectedly high demand forced it to close and relaunch the following January. International markets received the Pokémon Bank in February 2014. An extension of the Pokémon Bank called the Poké Transporter allows players to send Pokémon from their fifth-generation games to their X and Y cartridges via the cloud. Combining the Poké Transporter with the earlier Pal Park (from Pokémon Diamond, Pearl, Platinum, HeartGold, and SoulSilver) and Poké Transfer (from Pokémon Black, White, Black 2, and White 2) allows players to transfer Pokémon from Pokémon Ruby, Sapphire, Emerald, FireRed, and LeafGreen to their sixth-generation games.
X and Y occur two years after Black and White, thus being contemporaneous with Black 2 and White 2. Looker, who has made appearances in the Generation IV and Generation V games, is found in Kalos.
Pokémon Omega Ruby and Alpha Sapphire take place at least some years before Black and White and X and Y, as the Royal Unova is stated to be currently under construction and scheduled to be complete in an unspecified number of years and Mr. Bonding is born. Further, if they are contemporaneous with the events of Pokémon Ruby and Sapphire it follows that they are also contemporaneous with Pokémon FireRed and LeafGreen.
However, the overall continuity between the sixth generation games and those that precede them is not especially clear. In-game dialogue in Pokémon Omega Ruby and Alpha Sapphire suggests that the sixth generation games might take place in an alternate universe parallel to the universe in which the earlier games are contained. During the Delta Episode at Mossdeep Space Center, Zinnia hints that there might be another version of Hoenn that has not discovered Mega Evolution:
- "My people know it. From generation to generation, we pass along the lore about the distortions in the world borne by the Mega Evolution mechanism. And about the existence of another world, which we have long observed to be just like this one and yet not the same... That's right. A Hoenn region that's almost exactly like this one we live in. Filled with Pokémon and people like us. A world where maybe the evolution of Pokémon took a slightly different path, where Mega Evolution is unknown... A world where that war 3,000 years ago...never happened. A world where the ultimate weapon was never even built. And in that Hoenn of that world... What would happen if one day, out of the blue, a meteoroid appeared? What would happen to the people of that world, without the technology to destroy the meteoroid or the power to warp it away? ... Looks like it's beyond the power of your imagination."
Zinnia's comments describe the world of Pokémon Ruby and Sapphire. The possibility of alternate universes gives some ambiguity to any perceived inter-generational continuity between the first five generations and the sixth; it is worth noting that the existence of alternate dimensions in the Pokémon universe has been explored in previous games, notably the Distortion World of Pokémon Platinum, as well as in the anime and spinoff games. Generation VII later confirms the existence of alternate universes with the introduction of Ultra Wormholes, wormholes which allow for interdimensional travel, and Pokémon Ultra Sun and Ultra Moon's Episode RR.
Advances in gameplay
The advancements introduced in Generation VI include:
- The addition of 72 new Pokémon, bringing the total to 721. Only one evolution from a Pokémon featured in a previous generation is found: Sylveon, a new Eevee evolution.
- The introduction of the Fairy type (the first such introduction since Generation II) to balance out the Dragon, Poison, and Steel types. A new Fairy-type form for Arceus is added.
- The addition of 62 new moves, bringing the total to 621.
- The addition of 27 new Abilities, bringing the total to 191.
- The games now feature a completely three dimensional environment, as well as a new 3D battle system with 3D models for Pokémon as opposed to 2D sprites.
- A new battle mechanic, Mega Evolution, which can only happen during a battle and will wear off once the battle ends. This is only available for certain Pokémon.
- Another region to explore, the Kalos region, far away from the previous five and based on France.
- A new villainous team, Team Flare, whose goal is to make money and create a beautiful world for themselves and eliminate all who don't meet their standards.
- The ability for the player to walk in an eight directional grid as opposed to the four directional grid that has been common in all the preceding games.
- Three new battle modes:
- A new battle mode called Sky Battles, where only certain Flying-type Pokémon, or those whose Ability is Levitate can participate.
- Another battle mode called Horde Encounters, where multiple wild Pokémon will engage in a battle against one of the player's Pokémon.
- The third format is known as an Inverse Battle, which completely reverses type matchups.
- The introduction of ambush encounters, occurrences where wild Pokémon chase the player or jumping at them from a hiding place to initiate a Pokémon battle, somewhat similar to the phenomena mechanic.
- The addition of Super Training, a way to increase a Pokémon's EVs.
- The addition of customization for the player, with the ability to choose a variety of outfits to wear at any time.
- The new Pokémon Bank, an online Nintendo 3DS application that will allow the storage of up to 3,000 Pokémon through the payment of an annual fee.
- TMs have been expanded from 95 to 100.
- Players can now select which language they want to start the game in. This language cannot be changed.
Alterations from Generation V
- Badges are once again needed in order to use HM field moves.
- Dark grass is no longer found.
- The abandonment of:
- The Pokémon Musical and the Pokémon World Tournament.
- Mass outbreaks and phenomena.
- Mail and <player name>'s PC.
- The footprints in the Pokédex.
- Clefairy, Clefable, Cleffa, Togepi, Snubbull, Granbull Togetic and Togekiss replace their Normal typing with Fairy, while Jigglypuff, Wigglytuff, Mr. Mime, Igglybuff, Marill, Azumarill, Ralts, Kirlia, Gardevoir, Azurill, Mawile, Mime Jr., Cottonee and Whimsicott gain the Fairy type. Charm, Moonlight and Sweet Kiss are also changed from Normal moves into Fairy
- Twenty-eight Pokémon from earlier generations receive a 10-point increase in one of their base stats. They are Butterfree, Beedrill, Pidgeot, Raichu, Nidoqueen, Nidoking, Clefable, Wigglytuff, Vileplume, Poliwrath, Alakazam, Victreebel, Golem, Ampharos, Bellossom, Azumarill, Jumpluff, Beautifly, Exploud, Staraptor, Roserade, Stoutland, Unfezant, Gigalith, Seismitoad, Leavanny, Scolipede, and Krookodile.
- Pikachu receives a 10-point increase each in two of its base stats.
- Pokémon can now evolve after a battle even if they are knocked out or if the player lost.
- Pokémon obtained in Generation VI have a blue pentagon on their summary screen.
- The player can no longer register screens, such as Pokédex entries.
- Various changes were made to the experience system:
- When multiple Pokémon participate in battle, each now gets full experience instead of a fraction of the experience.
- The experience formula no longer takes in account difference between Pokémon's levels.
- The Exp. Share is now a Key Item and gives experience to all Pokémon in the party that did not participate in battle.
- Experience is now gained after catching a wild Pokémon.
- Some Pokémon's classification via body styles is changed, such as Wurmple's.
- Azurill can no longer transition from female to male upon evolving.
- When a named character speaks, the message box no longer starts with their name and a colon, except Double Battle trainers and in the Battle Chateau.
- Significant Trainers no longer speak in the middle of a battle.
- The battle music no longer changes at low HP or when a Gym Leader sends out their last Pokémon.
- The type chart has slightly changed from Generation V:
Attacking type Defending type Old effectiveness New effectiveness Ghost Steel Not very effective Normal effectiveness Dark Steel Not very effective Normal effectiveness
Further additions in Omega Ruby and Alpha Sapphire
- New Mega Evolutions and the addition of Primal Reversion, a related mechanic.
- Trainer horde battles are introduced.
- The addition of Mirage spots.
- The implementation of Soaring, a new mode of transportation.
- Four new moves are introduced: Precipice Blades, Origin Pulse, Dragon Ascent, and Hyperspace Fury, belonging to Groudon, Kyogre, Rayquaza, and Hoopa Unbound, respectively, bringing the total to 621.
- Three new Abilities are introduced: Desolate Land, Primordial Sea, and Delta Stream for Primal Groudon, Primal Kyogre, and Mega Rayquaza respectively, bringing the total to 191.
- The reintroduction of Pokémon Contests, under the name of Pokémon Contest Spectacular.
- The reintroduction of Secret Bases, now referred as Super-Secret Bases.
- Main article: Kalos
The Kalos region was introduced in Pokémon X and Y. This region is geographically isolated and has no close ties with any other region introduced prior to Generation VI.
The starters of the sixth Generation follow the traditional Grass/Fire/Water trio setup. At the beginning of the game, the player must choose between the Grass-type Chespin, the Fire-type Fennekin and the Water-type Froakie.
Like the previous five regions, Kalos has its own set of eight Gym Leaders who give out unique Badges and TMs after being defeated. Defeating all eight Gym Leaders grants access to the Pokémon League.
|Generation VI||Region: Kalos|
- Main article: Hoenn
Hoenn was featured in Generation VI in Omega Ruby and Alpha Sapphire, a pair of remakes of the Generation III games Ruby and Sapphire.
As in other remakes, the starters of Hoenn remain the same as they did in Generation III. Professor Birch gives Treecko, Torchic, or Mudkip to the player as thanks for using it to save him from a wild Poochyena.
Hoenn's Gym Leaders are the same as they were in Ruby and Sapphire, but with some giving out different TMs than they gave out in Generation III.
|Generation VI||Region: Hoenn|
Tate and Liza
フウとラン Fū and Lan
Kalos thematic motif
The sixth generation focuses on the concept of beauty and different aspects related to it, such as balance and harmony. Fashion and different forms of art are featured considerably in the newly introduced region, whose name comes from the Greek word for beauty. The mascots of the primary versions, Xerneas and Yveltal, reflect the concepts of harmony and balance, being the "Life" and "Destruction" Pokémon, respectively. The villainous team's actions and motives also reflect the beauty theme, as they strive to create "a beautiful world" by any means necessary.
Generation VI advanced competitive play by introducing Mega Evolution, making already powerful Pokémon such as Rayquaza and Mewtwo stronger, and giving unviable Pokémon such as Charizard and Mawile a use in the metagame. The addition of the Fairy-type nerfed several previously prominent Pokémon like Hydreigon and Scrafty, and allowed others such as Clefable and Azumarill to rise in prominence.
Generation VI was largely well-received for hearkening back to Generation I, and making older Pokémon popular again. However, as time went on, Generation VI became more controversial in certain parts of the fandom, with the lower difficulty and the lack of a third version to the X and Y games being prominent criticisms.
English title screens
|Pokémon X||Pokémon Y|
|Pokémon Omega Ruby||Pokémon Alpha Sapphire|
Japanese title screens
|Pokémon X||Pokémon Y|
|Pokémon Omega Ruby||Pokémon Alpha Sapphire|
- Generation VI introduced the fewest new:
- Pokémon, with 72.
- Legendary Pokémon, with three.
- Gender unknown Pokémon, with seven.
- Moves, with 62.
- Abilities, with 27.
- Pokémon, with 72.
- Generation VI is the only generation in which transferring Pokémon from previous generations is possible but not required in order to complete the National Pokédex (excluding Mythical Pokémon).
- Generation VI is the only generation to not introduce:
- A pure Electric-type Pokémon.
- A pseudo-legendary Pokémon with two types.
- A new Gym Leader or Elite Four member specializing in Ghost-type Pokémon.
- A new Dragon-type move.
- This is also the first instance of any generation not introducing a move for a type after that type's introduction.
- Generation VI is the first generation to introduce:
- New moves between games. Of the 62 moves introduced, four of them were introduced in Pokémon Omega Ruby and Alpha Sapphire and are not present in Pokémon X and Y. As a result, Pokémon in the former that know these moves cannot be traded to the latter.
- A Pokémon with Normal as its secondary type.
- A dual-type Pokémon with Flying as its primary type.
- A Fire/Water Pokémon, marking the last type to be paired with Water.
- A Fighting/Flying Pokémon, marking the last type to be paired with Flying.
- Generation VI relieved restrictions on formatting that were present in previous generations:
- The nickname character limit increased from 5 to 6 in Japanese and Korean, and from 10 to 12 in Western languages.
- The player name character limit increased from 5 to 6 in Japanese and Korean, and from 7 to 12 in Western languages.
- The names of all moves, items and Abilities introduced before Generation VI are no longer limited to 12 characters, including any spaces. Some of these names were re-formatted; for example, Selfdestruct was renamed Self-Destruct. The character limit has been increased to 16.
- Generation VI was the first generation not to introduce a Mythical Pokémon whose base stats are all 100.
- Generation VI leaves the most extra room in the Pokémon Storage System if one fills it with exactly one of each species of Pokémon, with there being 930 spaces and 721 Pokémon.
- Generation VI contains the core series games with the shortest English titles: X and Y have one letter each.
- Generation VI is the first generation in which:
- Generation VI is the last generation so far:
- To introduce a new type.
- To change types of existing moves. In this case, Charm, Moonlight, and Sweet Kiss became Fairy-type moves.
- To have all core series games directly compatible with each other in multiplayer.
|This game-related article is part of Project Games, a Bulbapedia project that aims to write comprehensive articles on the Pokémon games.|