Struggle (move)

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Struggle
わるあがき Vain Struggle
Struggle V.png
[[File:|center]]
Type  Normal
Category  Physical
PP  1 (max. 1)
Power  50
Accuracy  %
Priority  {{{priority}}}
  • Makes contact
  • Affected by Protect
  • Not affected by Magic Coat
  • Not affected by Snatch
  • Not affected by Mirror Move
  • Affected by King's Rock
Target
Foe Foe Foe
Self Ally Ally
May affect any adjacent foe, but not allies
Availability
Introduced  Generation I
Condition  Cool
Appeal  4 ♥♥♥♥
Jam  0  
A highly appealing move.
Condition  Cool
Appeal  3 ♥♥♥
A basic performance using a move known by the Pokémon.
Condition  Tough
Appeal  4 ♥♥♥♥
Jamming  0  
Quite an appealing move.

Struggle (Japanese: わるあがき Vain Struggle) is a damage-dealing move introduced in Generation I. It is a move that no Pokémon naturally learns but every Pokémon can use if none of their other moves are usable, usually due to a lack of PP. Prior to Generation II, it dealt Normal-type damage.

Effect

Generation I

Struggle deals damage to the opponent and the user receives recoil damage equal to ½ of the damage the attack did to the opponent. Struggle will automatically be used by a Pokémon that has no usable moves but is ordered to attack, and is not affected by any PP limitations. Struggle is capable of striking a critical hit.

Struggle has an accuracy of 100%.

If the user of Struggle attacks first and knocks itself out due to recoil damage, the opponent will not attack or be subjected to recurrent damage during that round. If Struggle breaks a substitute, the user will take no recoil damage.

Struggle has 10 base PP, though no PP would ever be deducted from it. Self-inflicted recoil damage from Struggle from the previous turn can be countered if the opponent did not make a move on the following turn.

Struggle deals Normal-type damage in this Generation, meaning Rock-type Pokémon take half damage, and Ghost-type Pokémon are unaffected. If the only usable move is disabled by Disable, the affected Pokémon will use Struggle.

In Stadium, no recoil damage is taken if Struggle knocks out an opponent.

Generations II and III

Struggle now has a maximum of 1 PP instead of 10 (16 with PP Ups), and its recoil damage is equal to ¼ of the damage the attack did to the opponent. Despite still being a Normal-type move, Struggle is now unaffected by types, inflicting normal damage to Steel-, Rock-, and Ghost-type Pokémon and being unaffected by STAB. Struggle can hit through Wonder Guard. Its target is a randomly selected opponent in Double Battles.

The user will take recoil damage even if Struggle breaks a substitute, or if its Ability is Rock Head or Magic Guard.

If a Pokémon is holding a Choice Band and is affected by Disable, Taunt or Imprison such that it cannot use the move that the Choice Band forces it to, it will always use Struggle as long as the item and the effect both remain active. If a Pokémon is holding a Choice Band and is affected by Torment, the Pokémon will use Struggle every second turn.

Generation IV onward

The user now takes ¼ of its maximum HP as recoil damage, regardless of how much damage the attack did to the opponent. A user with only 1 HP will knock itself out with recoil damage.

All effects that apply with the Choice Band now also apply with all Choice items.

If a Pokémon is holding a Choice item and is affected by Cursed Body such that it cannot use the move that the item forces it to, it will always use Struggle as long as the item and the effect both remain active.

Struggle now bypasses accuracy checks to always hit, unless the opponent is in the semi-invulnerable turn of a move such as Dig or Fly.

Struggle can no longer be copied by Mirror Move.

Struggle is unaffected by a held Normal Gem (and will not consume it).

Description

Games Description
Stad Used only if the user runs totally out of PP. The user is hit with 1/4 of the damage it inflicts.
Stad2 Used only if the user is totally out of PP. The user is hit with 1/4 the damage it inflicts.
GSC Used only if all PP are exhausted.
RSE Used only if all PP are gone. Also hurts the user a little.
FRLG An attack that is used only if there is no PP. It also hurts the user.
Colo.XD Used when all PP are gone. Also hurts the user a bit.
DPPtHGSSPBR
BWB2W2
An attack that is used in desperation only if the user has no PP. It also hurts the user slightly.
XYORAS An attack that is used in desperation only if the user has no PP. This also damages the user a little.
SM This attack is used in desperation only if the user has no PP. It also damages the user a little.

Learnset

All Pokémon can use Struggle when they cannot use any other moves, such as by them all having 0 PP, or if they are all incapacitated through any of Disable, Taunt, Torment, Imprison, Heal Block, Cursed Body, Assault Vest, or Choice items. Also, some moves, such as Belch, cannot be selected unless specific conditions are met, so can also cause the Pokémon to Struggle if they are the only moves with PP.

In the Mystery Dungeon series, the only way to use Struggle is to use a move when none of the Pokémon's moves are usable for one or another reason (like running out of PP). The move deals 1/4 of the total HP of that Pokémon.

In other games

Pokémon GO

Struggle
Special Attack
Type Normal
Power 35
Energy bar 3
Duration 2.2 seconds
Critical rate 0%
Drain  ?%
Eligible Pokémon:
CaterpieMetapodWeedleKakunaMagikarpDitto
UnownSmeargle
  • Prior to an update to Niantic's servers on February 16, 2017, Struggle had a power of 15, an energy bar of 5, and a duration of 1.695 seconds.

Description

Games Description
MDRB Inflicts damage on the target. However, the user also takes damage one quarter of its maximum HP.
MDTDS Inflicts damage on the target. But it also inflicts damage on the user in the amount of 1/4 of its maximum HP.

In other generations

Core series games

Struggle I.png Struggle II.png Struggle III.png Struggle IV.png
Generation I RBY Generation I
(Japanese)
Generation I
(international)
Generation II Generation II
(Japanese)
Generation II
(international)
Crystal Generation III Generation III
(Japanese)
Generation III
(international)
RS FRLG FRLGE Generation IV Generation IV
(Japanese)
Generation IV
(international)
PtHGSS HGSS Generation V BW B2W2 Generation V
(Japanese)
Generation V
(international)
Generation VI XY ORAS Stadium (Jap) Stadium Stadium 2 Colosseum XD Battle Revolution Battle Revolution
(alternative animation)
Battrio Mystery Dungeon PMD: Red and Blue PMD: Time, Darkness, Sky Rumble Rumble Blast

Spin-off series games

Struggle Stad.png Struggle Stad2.png Struggle Colo.png Struggle XD.png
Generation I RBY Generation I
(Japanese)
Generation I
(international)
Generation II Generation II
(Japanese)
Generation II
(international)
Crystal Generation III Generation III
(Japanese)
Generation III
(international)
RS FRLG FRLGE Generation IV Generation IV
(Japanese)
Generation IV
(international)
PtHGSS HGSS Generation V BW B2W2 Generation V
(Japanese)
Generation V
(international)
Generation VI XY ORAS Stadium (Jap) Stadium Stadium 2 Colosseum XD Battle Revolution Battle Revolution
(alternative animation)
Battrio Mystery Dungeon PMD: Red and Blue PMD: Time, Darkness, Sky Rumble Rumble Blast
Struggle PBR.png
Generation I RBY Generation I
(Japanese)
Generation I
(international)
Generation II Generation II
(Japanese)
Generation II
(international)
Crystal Generation III Generation III
(Japanese)
Generation III
(international)
RS FRLG FRLGE Generation IV Generation IV
(Japanese)
Generation IV
(international)
PtHGSS HGSS Generation V BW B2W2 Generation V
(Japanese)
Generation V
(international)
Generation VI XY ORAS Stadium (Jap) Stadium Stadium 2 Colosseum XD Battle Revolution Battle Revolution
(alternative animation)
Battrio Mystery Dungeon PMD: Red and Blue PMD: Time, Darkness, Sky Rumble Rumble Blast
Struggle PMD RB.png
Generation I RBY Generation I
(Japanese)
Generation I
(international)
Generation II Generation II
(Japanese)
Generation II
(international)
Crystal Generation III Generation III
(Japanese)
Generation III
(international)
RS FRLG FRLGE Generation IV Generation IV
(Japanese)
Generation IV
(international)
PtHGSS HGSS Generation V BW B2W2 Generation V
(Japanese)
Generation V
(international)
Generation VI XY ORAS Stadium (Jap) Stadium Stadium 2 Colosseum XD Battle Revolution Battle Revolution
(alternative animation)
Battrio Mystery Dungeon PMD: Red and Blue PMD: Time, Darkness, Sky Rumble Rumble Blast

Trivia

  • Even though Struggle can only be accessed by the loss of all PP, it was given Contest, Super Contest, and Contest Spectacular stats. This is most likely to prevent the game from crashing if a Pokémon is hacked to have Struggle as one of their four moves. The contest stats seem to be the defaults. In Omega Ruby and Alpha Sapphire, it has the same contest stats as Pound.
  • Struggle is the last non-glitch move in index number order in Generation I, and the last Generation I move in index number lists since then.
  • Along with Chatter and Sketch, Struggle is one of three non-Shadow moves that cannot be copied by Sketch in any generation.
  • In Generation I, Struggle was the only move that could not be called via Metronome, besides Metronome itself.
  • Struggle has the lowest base power of all recoil-causing moves.
  • Because it deals typeless damage, Struggle is the only damaging Normal-type move which can hit a Ghost-type opponent without the aid of Odor Sleuth, Foresight, or Scrappy.
  • Along with Barrage and Kinesis, Struggle is one of three moves introduced in Generation I that have not been featured in the main anime series.
    • It is also one of two Generation I moves that have not been used in the Pokémon Adventures manga, the other being Kinesis.
  • Certain glitch Pokémon, including Generation IV hybrids, 'Ng'Mp, 'ゥ., and 4, ゥァ (DD), can learn Struggle by level up.
  • Should a player hack Struggle onto a Pokémon, it will not be displayed correctly in Pokémon Stadium 2's lab (not the case for original Pokémon Stadium) and will be highlighted, as if it was a Generation II move. This does not happen when selecting a team for battle.
  • In Pokémon Stadium and Pokémon Stadium 2, the move description erroneously states that Struggle inflicts recoil to the user equal to ¼ of the damage inflicted; the correct number prior to Generation IV is ½.

In other languages

Language Title
Chinese Cantonese 掙扎 Jāngjaat
Mandarin 掙扎 / 挣扎 Zhēngzhá
The Netherlands Flag.png Dutch Spartel
France Flag.png European French Lutte
Germany Flag.png German Verzweifler
Greece Flag.png Greek Αγώνας Agúnas
Italy Flag.png Italian Scontro
South Korea Flag.png Korean 발버둥 Balbeodung
Brazil Flag.png Brazilian Portuguese Insistência
Serbia Flag.png Serbian Opstanak
Spain Flag.png European Spanish Forcejeo*
Combate*


Project Moves and Abilities logo.png This article is part of Project Moves and Abilities, a Bulbapedia project that aims to write comprehensive articles on two related aspects of the Pokémon games.