From Bulbapedia, the community-driven Pokémon encyclopedia.
An example of a Pokémon V
Pokémon V (Japanese: ポケモンV Pokémon V) are a variant of Pokémon in the Pokémon Trading Card Game. They were first introduced in the Sword & Shield expansion (the Sword and Shield expansions in Japan). Pokémon V have a stylized graphic on the card name.
Pokémon V work very similarly to both Pokémon-EX from the Black & White and XY series and Pokémon-ex from the EX Series. They possess considerably higher HP and stronger attacks compared to their regular counterparts. However, when a Pokémon V is Knocked Out, the opponent takes two Prize cards instead of one. All Pokémon V are Basic Pokémon.
Aesthetically, the artwork on Pokémon V covers most of the card, with the background illustration fading into the bottom-most area, while still having the Pokémon break the card's borders (following on previous Pokémon variant cards). As such, the card text presented across the artwork is outlined, resembling Full Art cards. Pokémon V cards have a black layout on its borders and bottom text details, as well a symbol on the top left corner. Pokémon V released on main expansions and subsets are usually accompanied by Full Art prints which, unlike its predecessor Pokémon-GX, have more detailed backgrounds. Japanese prints feature slight embossing on the artwork and any particle effects.
Released along with the Pokémon V cards, Pokémon VMAX introduces the Dynamax, Gigantamax and Eternamax mechanics into the Trading Card Game. These cards are identified by the graphic on the card name. Pokémon VMAX evolve from its respective Pokémon V, giving them boosted Hit Points (so far, the biggest HPs in a Pokémon card) and more powerful attacks. When a VMAX Pokémon is knocked out, the opponent takes three Prize cards instead of one. Pokémon VMAX are still considered Pokémon V when interacting with certain card effects.
While keeping the same layout of Pokémon V, Pokémon VMAX cards have a rainbow background and details on the card's bottom and the visual aura of Dyna/Giganta/Eternamaxing on the Pokémon. While not officially labeled as Full Art cards, they are nearly identical, as the Pokémon art covers the entire card and is printed in an embossed holofoil pattern. Pokémon VMAX released on main expansions and subsets are usually accompanied by Secret Rainbow Rare (Hyper Rare in Japan) Full Art prints using the same artwork.
Pokémon that have appeared as Pokémon V