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The range (Japanese: 範囲 range) of a move is the number and types of targets a given move can affect. The mechanic was introduced in Generation III along with Double Battles.
Each move has one of several different values for the move's range in the game data. The majority of moves have the default value, affecting only the selected target. Most of the remaining moves either only affect the user, affect all adjacent allies and opponents, or affect all adjacent opponents. Only a few moves affect an ally, all Pokémon on the field including the user, a random opponent, or the user's entire party including Pokémon not on the field.
Some moves do not affect the opposing or ally Pokémon directly, but instead affect the field. This means that even if the user is switched out of battle, the effects of the move still continue. These moves can affect both sides of the field, the opponent's side of the field, or the user's side of the field.
Several moves have unique ranges due to their effect:
- Acupressure affects only the user in Single Battles, but can also affect a selected adjacent ally in a Double or Triple Battle.
- Me First affects the selected adjacent opponent; an adjacent ally cannot be selected.
- Counter, Mirror Coat, and Metal Burst affect the last opponent to attack the user, even if that opponent is not adjacent to the user.
- Curse is the only move whose range changes when selecting a target depending on the Pokémon using the move. It affects the selected adjacent opponent or ally when used by a Ghost-type Pokémon, while it affects the user when used by a non-Ghost type.
In a Triple Battle, most moves can only hit Pokémon adjacent to the user. However, a long-range move (Japanese: 遠隔 long-range) can hit any Pokémon on the battlefield, including the opponent or ally on the opposite side of the field. Internally, this is determined by a separate bit flag in the move data structure. In addition to moves that affect the field and moves that affect all Pokémon including the user, all single-target damage-dealing Flying-type moves, Flying Press, and all single-target aura and pulse moves are considered long-range moves.
List of moves by range
In the charts below, a light red cell indicates that the move can target any one of the highlighted cells, while a dark red cell indicates that the move targets all of the highlighted cells.
Generation V onwards
In the internal data of the Generation V games onwards, moves can have one of 14 ranges depending on a byte value in the move data structure. In Pokédex 3D and the official guidebooks for these games, these are combined into a total of 12 categories. These are described in the table below:
In the internal data of the Generation IV games, moves can have one of 12 ranges depending on a two-byte value in the move data structure. In the Prima Games guidebooks for these games, these are combined into a total of ten categories. These are described in the table below:
The Pokémon Diamond and Pearl: Official Nintendo Player's Guide by Nintendo Power instead divides moves into six categories:
- 1: Move is effective on one foe or partner.
- 2: Move is effective against both foes at once.
- 3: Move is effective on both foes and partner at once.
- 4: Move is effective on all Pokémon at once.
- S: Move is effective on only the Pokémon that executes the move.
- R: Move affects random Pokémon chosen from both foes and partner.
In the internal data of the Generation III games, moves can have one of seven ranges depending on a byte value in the move data structure. These are described in the table below:
Official guidebooks instead divide moves into 10 or 11 categories:
- Pokémon Emerald: Prima's Official Strategy Guide (Prima Games)
- 1E (1 Enemy)
- 2E (2 Enemies)
- RE (Random Enemy)
- 1A/2E (1 Ally and 2 Enemies (i.e., everyone but the center))
- S/E (Self and Enemy)
- All Allies
- Pocket Monsters Emerald Nintendo Official Guidebook (Shogakukan)
- Pocket Monsters Emerald Official Complete Clear Guide (Media Factory)
- Pocket Monsters Emerald Official Encyclopedia (Enterbrain)
In other languages
Specific move ranges (Pokédex 3D)
|| Se stesso
| 1 Ally
|| Mikata ippiki
|| 1 allié
|| 1 Mitstreiter
|| Un alleato
|| 1 aliado
|| Jibun ka mikata ippiki
|| Soi ou 1 allié
|| Anwender oder 1 Mitsreiter
|| Se stesso o un alleato
|| Usuario o 1 aliado
| Your Party
|| Mikata subete
|| Tous alliés
|| Alle Mitstrieter
|| Tutti gli alleati
|| Todos los aliados
| 1 Random
|| Aite randamu ippiki
|| 1 adv. au hasard
|| 1 beliebiger Gegner
|| Un nemico a caso
|| 1 rival aleatorio
| Many Others
|| Aite fukusū
|| Adv. proches
|| Mehrere Gegner
|| Più nemici
|| Rivales cercanos
|| Aite·mikata fukusū
|| PKMN proches
|| PKMN im Umkreis
|| Più alleati/nemici
|| Pokémon cercanos
| Your Side
|| Côté allié
|| Eigene Seite
|| Tuo campo
|| Aliados de combate
| Other Side
|| Côté adv.
|| Campo nemico
|| Rivales de combate
| Both Sides
|| Tous côtés
|| Beide Seiten
|| Entrambi i campi
- ↑ English names are taken from Pokédex 3D and the official guidebooks for Pokémon Black and White, X and Y, Omega Ruby and Alpha Sapphire, Sun and Moon, Ultra Sun and Ultra Moon, Let's Go, Pikachu! and Let's Go, Eevee!, and Sword and Shield published by The Pokémon Company International. Japanese names are taken from Pokédex 3D and the official guidebooks Pocket Monsters X/Y Official Guidebook Complete Kalos Pokédex Perfect Guide, Official Pokémon National Pokédex 2018 Pokémon Data File for Pocket Monsters Ultra Sun/Ultra Moon, and Pocket Monsters Sword/Shield Official Guidebook Complete Story Walkthrough + Galar Pokédex published by OVERLAP.
- ↑ Referred to as "Varies" in Pokédex 3D and the official guidebooks for Pokémon Black and White, X and Y, Omega Ruby and Alpha Sapphire, Sun and Moon, and Ultra Sun and Ultra Moon. Referred to as "Normal" in the official guidebook for Pokémon Sword and Shield.
- ↑ Referred to as "Adjacent" in Pokédex 3D and the official guidebooks for Pokémon Black and White, X and Y, Omega Ruby and Alpha Sapphire, Sun and Moon, and Ultra Sun and Ultra Moon. Referred to as "All Others" in the official guidebook for Pokémon: Let's Go, Pikachu! and Let's Go, Eevee! and Sword and Shield.
- ↑ Formatted as 味方全て in Pokédex 3D.
- ↑ These moves only have the long-range flag set starting in Generation VII. However, they already acted as long-range moves in Generations V and VI.
- ↑ Referred to as "Adjacent" in Pokédex 3D and the official guidebooks for Pokémon Black and White, X and Y, Omega Ruby and Alpha Sapphire, Sun and Moon, and Ultra Sun and Ultra Moon. Referred to as "All" in the official guidebook for Pokémon Sword and Shield.
- ↑ Names are taken from the official guidebooks for Pokémon Diamond and Pearl, Platinum, and HeartGold and SoulSilver published by Prima Games and Pokémon USA/The Pokémon Company International.
- ↑ Descriptions are adapted from the official guidebooks for Pokémon Platinum and HeartGold and SoulSilver.