From Bulbapedia, the community-driven Pokémon encyclopedia.
"Pokémon Gallery: Encounter with Shining Pokémon" by Ken Sugimori
A Shiny Pokémon (Japanese: 色違い differently colored or 光る shining), also recognized as alternate coloration or rare coloration, is a specific Pokémon with different coloration to what is usual for its species. It is one of the many differences that a Pokémon can have within its species.
The term "Shiny Pokémon" was created by fans to refer to the sparkling sound effect and animation made at the start of an encounter with one in the games. Eventually, this term fell into official usage in Generation IV, used on promotional material promoting Shiny event Pokémon. The term Shiny Pokémon was first used in-game in Pokémon Black and White.
Shiny Pokémon in the games may differ in color from their normal counterparts either very little or very much. Usually the former is the case, with some Pokémon, such as Glaceon or Pichu, having their Shiny form be only a few shades lighter or darker in color, although a majority of the Pokémon that exhibit this are not in their final form of evolution. However, many Pokémon will have a spectacular difference between their normal and Shiny variations; even extremely common Pokémon like Caterpie show a dramatic difference. An evolutionary line is not necessarily guaranteed to have similar alternate colorations, even if their standard colorations remain consistent; both Ponyta and Rapidash have orange flames, but an alternate colored Ponyta has blue flames, while an alternate colored Rapidash has gray flames (with this being the opposite in Generation II). The opposite can also be true, as in the case of Skitty and Delcatty.
Form differences, such as that of Shellos and Gastrodon, are not normal/Shiny variations of one another, but the individual forms can be Shiny.
In the games
How Shiny Pokémon have been marked throughout the generations.
| Gen II
|| Stadium 2
|| Gen III*
|| Gen IV
|| Gen V
In the main series, Shiny Pokémon were first introduced in Generation II. This was likely to take fullest advantage of the Game Boy Color, which enhanced Gold and Silver and was required for Pokémon Crystal.
When a Shiny Pokémon appears in the wild or from a Trainer's Poké Ball, stars will surround it and make a pinging sound effect (in Pokémon HeartGold and SoulSilver this will also happen if a wild Shiny Pokémon breaks out of the Poké Ball). In Generation II, this ping happens before the Pokémon's cry, while from Generation III onward, it occurs afterward. In Pokémon Stadium 2 and Pokémon Battle Revolution, a flash of light circles the Pokémon upon its release from the Poké Ball. On the Pokémon's status screen, its Shiny status is indicated in Generation II as three small stars beside its gender, as small yellow star in Pokémon FireRed and LeafGreen, in Pokémon Stadium 2 as yellow star that animates from bright to dim, and in Generations IV and V as a large star near its picture. In Pokémon Ruby, Sapphire, and Emerald, the Pokémon's Pokédex number will also be colored gold instead of black, whereas in Generations IV and V, the number will be colored red. In Pokémon Ruby, Sapphire, and Emerald, the background behind the sprites of Shiny Pokémon is white instead of gray, and small purple squares are added to corners. In Pokémon FireRed and LeafGreen, the border with gender, nickname, and level will be teal instead of purple.
A Shiny Gyarados in the anime
In Generation II, Shininess is determined by the IVs of a Pokémon. If a Pokémon's Speed, Defense, and Special IVs are 10, and its Attack IV is 2, 3, 6, 7, 10, 11, 14 or 15, it will be Shiny. This determination allowed for compatibility with Generation I, as if a Shiny Pokémon is traded back, then traded forward, it would retain its Shininess. Despite the bonus of backward compatibility allowing for a Shiny Pokémon to learn Generation I TMs, provided it was a Generation I Pokémon, Shiny Pokémon are only slightly above average in terms of IVs.
Due to the HP IV being determined by the other four IVs, a Shiny Pokémon's HP IV can only be 0 or 8. This is because HP takes the final binary digit of the Attack, Defense, Speed, and Special IVs and places it, in that order, for its own IV. The last 3 binary digits are always 0 because those IVs have to be 10 (1010 in binary) for Shiny Pokémon. The first digit depends on whether or not the Attack IV is even (then it is 0) or odd (then it is 1). This means that the HP IV can either be 0000 (0) or 1000 (8).
Due to the probability of the IVs lining up in any of these manners to produce a Shiny Pokémon, the chance of obtaining one in Generation II is 1/8192 in a wild encounter; breeding has different odds due to . However, if one breeds a Shiny Pokémon properly, the offspring may have as high as a 1/64 chance of being Shiny, depending on the species of Pokémon.
Shininess is inherent to an individual Pokémon; that is, a Pokémon that starts out Shiny will always be Shiny, and one that is not will never be (provided its data is not altered through cheating). Upon evolution, a Pokémon will retain its Shiny status. A Shiny Charmander, if leveled up, will eventually become a Shiny Charmeleon and then a Shiny Charizard, just as a regular Charmander will become a regular Charmeleon and then a regular Charizard. This is due to the status being determined by values inherent to the Pokémon; however, there is a difference in the determination between Generation II and Generations III to V.
To highlight alternate coloration, a red Gyarados at the Lake of Rage is part of the plot of the Generation II games and their remakes. After its defeat or capture, a Red Scale will be obtained, which can be given to Mr. Pokémon in exchange for an Exp. Share. The red Gyarados can be found at level 30.
The Pokémon that hatches from the Odd Egg in Crystal has a 14% chance of the result being Shiny in localized games, and a 50% chance in Japanese games.
Generations III, IV, and V
In Generation III, most of the data structures were redone. As such, a Pokémon's Shininess would no longer need to be linked to its stats due to incompatibilities between the previous generations. The determinant for Shininess is instead a calculation based on the Trainer ID number and secret ID number of the player encountering it and the personality value of the Pokémon. The same method is used in Generations IV and V.
The secret ID and Trainer ID byte words are first xored together, and then the first byte word of the personality value is xored with the second byte word of the personality value. If the xor of these two results is less than eight, then the Pokémon is Shiny. This results in a probability of 8 in 65536; simplified as 1/8192 (2-13, or 0.01220703125%), just as in Generation II. Symbolically:
(Trainer ID) xor (Secret ID) = E
(First byte word of personality value) xor (Second byte word of personality value) = F
If E xor F is less than eight, then the Pokémon is Shiny.
In Trainer Tower in Pokémon FireRed and LeafGreen there are three Trainers which have Shiny Pokémon. In the Single Battle mode, the seventh Trainer has a Shiny Meowth, while in Double Battle mode, the first pair of Trainers have a Shiny Espeon. Finally, in the knockout mode, the fourth Trainer will send out a Shiny Seaking.
Several Pokémon Battle e Trainers have Pokémon which are preset as Shiny.
In Generation IV, some Pokémon, such as Mystery Gifts and Ranger Manaphy, cannot be Shiny due to the game's code. However, the Ranger Manaphy's Shininess won't be altered by the game if traded to a second cartridge as an Egg (changing the ID and SID). There are other methods which make obtaining alternately colored Pokémon a little bit easier: the Masuda method and the Poké Radar slightly raise the probability of hatching Pokémon from Eggs and catching Pokémon from the wild, respectively.
In the Veilstone Game Corner, in the second mode on the slot machines, a Clefairy appears on the lower screen. There are three kinds of Clefairy: a Ditto that has transformed into a Clefairy, a normal Clefairy, and a Shiny Clefairy. Shiny Clefairy are the rarest and last for the most rounds, but are not as rare as encountering a wild Shiny Pokémon.
Shiny Pokémon are again highlighted in Pokémon HeartGold and SoulSilver, where the red Gyarados makes its return as a plot point, while Shiny Pokémon also appear in their Shiny state as walking Pokémon when they follow the player.
In Generation V, Pokémon in the Pokédex will appear Shiny if the first specimen of that Pokémon encountered is Shiny.
A special event has been released that will allow the player to encounter a wild Zoroark if one of the Shiny legendary beasts released with the thirteenth movie is transferred forward to Generation V.
In Generation V, the game is programmed so that wild Reshiram, Zekrom and Victini as well as any Pokémon obtained from the Dream World will never be encountered Shiny. However, like all Pokémon, Reshiram, Zekrom, and Victini have Shiny sprites.
In Pokémon Black 2 and White 2, the player may encounter a Shiny Haxorus at level 60 in the Nature Preserve. Also, after defeating Benga in either the Black TowerB2 or the White TreehollowW2, he will give the player either a Shiny GibleB2 or a Shiny DratiniW2. The player will also receive the Shiny Charm from Professor Juniper after completing the National Pokédex.
|| This section is incomplete.|
Please feel free to edit this section to add missing information and complete it.
Reason: XD and Battle Revolution.
Unobtainable Shiny Pokémon
In most generations there are a few Pokémon that cannot be obtained Shiny without cheating or glitches, due to either being distribution-exclusive without an in-game location or, in Generation V, being programmed so that they cannot be Shiny in the wild.
In the side series games
In Pokémon Stadium and Pokémon Stadium 2, Pokémon with a nickname can be colored slightly differently, whether or not they are actually Shiny. This seems to have been removed from later games. In the Ekans Hoop Hurl game in the Kid's Club, there are golden Diglett that are worth extra points.
In Stadium 2, there is an option while viewing the list to exclude any non-Shiny Pokémon from the listing (ie. Group Color Pokémon/Cancel Color Pokémon). Here they are called Color Pokémon. This will show Shininess even if player is currently viewing a Generation I cartridge in the Lab.
- Main article: List of glitches in Generation III
In Pokémon Coloseum, like in the main series games, Pokémon have a 1/8192 chance of being Shiny. Likewise, there is a 1/8192 chance of a Shadow Pokémon being Shiny; however, when a Shiny Shadow Pokémon is captured, it is highly improbable that the Pokémon will retain Shininess. Conversely, when an ordinary Shadow Pokémon is captured, there is still the 1/8192 chance of that Pokémon becoming Shiny when it is sent to the player's party or the Pokémon Storage System. Shininess is retained through purification. In Pokémon Colosseum, the color of a Shiny Pokémon can differ drastically from the handheld games.
In Pokémon XD, the game ensures that all Shadow Pokémon are not Shiny by recalculating the Pokémon personality value if it would result in a Shiny Pokémon. However, the starter Eevee, Mt. Battle Johto starter Pokémon, and Poké Spot Pokémon can be Shiny. As in Pokémon Colosseum, the color of a Shiny Pokémon can differ drastically from the handheld games.
My Pokémon Ranch
In My Pokémon Ranch, Pokémon's Shininess is visible. Pokémon traded by Hayley—except Phione and Mew—cannot be Shiny.
Pokémon Battle Revolution
In Pokémon Battle Revolution, Shiny Pokémon have face-sprites which show their Shininess. Random Pokémon in Colosseums can be Shiny, but have the same chance of being Shiny as wild Pokémon. This is due to the RNG, which generates a random PID.
Pokémon Mystery Dungeon: Explorers of Time, Darkness and Sky
In Pokémon Mystery Dungeon: Explorers of Time and Explorers of Darkness and Explorers of Sky, a Shiny Celebi appears, although Shiny Pokémon are not obtainable normally in the game. It is believed that the Shiny coloring (pink) further emphasizes that this particular Celebi is inherently female, a fact proven by in-game dialogue as well as her crush on a male Pokémon.
Pokémon Mystery Dungeon WiiWare
In the Pokémon Mystery Dungeon games for WiiWare, Shiny Pokémon can be found in dungeons. Unlike the main series, only 36 different species of Shiny Pokémon are obtainable. The chances of finding one in a dungeon is the same chances as finding one in the wild in the main series. Unlike Shiny Pokémon in the past, however, the Shiny Pokémon found in these games have an added bonus: their Hunger stat is 200 as opposed to the 100 of normal Pokémon. A Red Gyarados can also be obtained at Level 30 via Wonder Mail password as a reference to the one found in the Johto-based games.
Super Smash Bros.
In the Super Smash Bros. series, Mewtwo, Squirtle, Ivysaur, Charizard, and Lucario each have several different colorations exclusive to the series. One of Pikachu's alternate colorations is its Shiny form wearing Red's hat, and one of Jigglypuff's is its Shiny form wearing a straw hat; however, all other playable Pokémon in the series, except Mewtwo, do not have their actual Shiny form as an alternate coloration.
In Pokémon Rumble, Shiny Pokémon may rarely appear. They will always tip over when defeated. The chances of their appearance are unconfirmed, although they appear to occur more often than in the main series. Shiny Pokémon are always given a special trait, a blue name in menus, and a star below their picture on the Collection screen. Some Shiny Pokémon can be obtained by the use of passwords.
Pokémon Rumble Blast
In Pokémon Rumble Blast, Shiny Pokémon have been removed entirely.
Art of Nobunaga with his Shiny Rayquaza
In Pokémon Conquest, Nobunaga, the primary antagonist, uses a Shiny Rayquaza in a his final battle with the player. It is released after being defeated, but Nobunaga can later re-link with it after all stories have been cleared. A Shiny Rayquaza based on the one Nobunaga uses was distributed over Wi-Fi for Japanese Black and White players prior to the spin-off game's release.
In the TCG
Shiny Pokémon have appeared in the TCG as well, first as Shining Pokémon in Neo Revelation and Neo Destiny, and later as Pokémon in EX Team Rocket Returns - EX Power Keepers. Players can only have one Pokémon per deck. The Stormfront, Platinum, Supreme Victors and Arceus sets include three cards each with alternate coloration artwork and a reverse holo effect, but are not classified as an entirely separate rarity. Unlike Shining Pokémon and Pokémon , these newest alternate coloration cards are not limited by special gameplay and deckbuilding rules, and since the names of the cards are not changed to indicate the alternate coloration, they can be evolved into non-Shiny Stage 1 Pokémon, or, in the case of Shiny evolved Pokémon, from normal Basic Pokémon.
Shiny versions of several legendary Pokémon were also featured in the Call of Legends expansion as secret rares under the SL numbering subset.
List of cards with Shiny Pokémon
| List of cards with Shiny Pokémon
In the anime
Like Shiny Pokémon in the games, Noctowl
sparkles as it exits its Poké Ball.
- Main article: List of alternately colored Pokémon in the anime
Although the games had not premiered alternate colored Pokémon until Generation II, several Pokémon seen beforehand were colored differently. One such example is the pink Butterfree, the mate of Ash's Butterfree, which appeared as early as the twenty-first episode. This is, however, not the standard alternate coloration for a Butterfree, causing many to not count it. Likewise, the first appearance of a Generation III Pokémon in The Kecleon Caper featured a non-standard alternate colored Pokémon, this time a purple Kecleon. This may be due to Kecleon's Color Change Ability, however, similarly to the case in Pokémon Mystery Dungeon.
The first Pokémon with an alternate coloration that was seen was also the first Generation II Pokémon to appear, a Ho-Oh in the first episode. However it is possible that it may not have been intended to be an alternate coloration, as Ho-Oh may not have been fully designed by the episode's release and may have simply been colored after the version it represents, Pokémon Gold, and since alternate coloration was also not yet an explored concept. For these reasons, most do not consider this to be a Shiny Pokémon either.
In the Orange Archipelago, certain Pokémon have a different coloration because the climate is different than that of the mainland. For example, a Butterfree, instead of the normal white with black markings, would have gold wings with red spots on them.
A blue Breloom and a light-blue Marill also appeared in Weekend Warrior, which aren't the official alternate colors for those Pokémon, and are possibly coloring errors.
The first true Shiny Pokémon that appeared, however, was a Noctowl in Fowl Play!. Ash eventually captured it, and, as in the games, sparkles surround it as it comes from its Poké Ball. Several other Shiny Pokémon have appeared later as well, often used to make them stand out more or be the focus of an episode.
A Team Rocket mecha that appeared in Bagged Then Tagged!, the Digital Drapion, appears to be based on a Shiny Drapion.
The term was first used in Expedition to Onix Island!
In the manga
Because most manga series are published in black-and-white, Shiny Pokémon are few and far between. One major exception, because of its importance to the plot of Gold, Silver, Crystal, HeartGold, and SoulSilver is the red Gyarados.
In the Pokémon Adventures manga
In Pokémon Adventures's Gold, Silver & Crystal chapter, Silver captured the raging leader of a group of Gyarados, who had been on a rampage since Team Rocket took control of the Goldenrod Radio Tower and sent out their evolution-inducing radio waves. Silver's Gyarados has since made appearances on Silver's team in FireRed & LeafGreen chapter and HeartGold & SoulSilver chapter
Crystal mentions that she caught a different colored Pineco as part of the Pokémon sent to Professor Oak in Off Course with Corsola.
- Due to the fact that Shininess in Generation III onwards is determined by the OT's ID and Secret ID, and to the fact that Eggs take the ID/SID of their hatcher when hatched, Eggs can be Shiny on the game that breeds them, but not on a game that they're traded to (or vice-versa) if still in their Eggs. The OT of the Egg isn't changed until after it hatches—this can lead to scenarios where an Egg will hatch and appear Shiny, but will not be Shiny when actually checked (or vice-versa) because the ID/SID changes immediately after the hatching scene.
- This is also why many event Eggs can hatch Shiny when they would normally be prohibited from doing so on the original receiver's game.
- Due to Shininess being determined by IVs in Generation II, several odd quirks arise.
- Due to gender being determined by IVs in Generation II, it is impossible to have a Shiny Pokémon with a gender ratio of seven males to one female that is female in those games, as the highest Attack IV a female Pokémon with a gender ratio of seven males to one female can have is 1, while the lowest Attack IV a Shiny Pokémon can have is 2.
- Due to Unown's letter being determined by IVs in Generation II, only Unown I and V can be Shiny.
- Due to Hidden Power being determined by IVs, a Shiny Pokémon's Hidden Power type can only be Grass or Dragon with a power of either 50 or 70.
- Pokémon Black and White 2 have the most in-game event Shiny Pokemon available with two.