From Bulbapedia, the community-driven Pokémon encyclopedia.
A regional Pokédex is a Pokédex order specific to a certain region of the Pokémon world. None of the regional Pokédexes yet released chronicle all Pokémon known (though the old Johto Pokédex did at its time, it is merely a precursor); instead they chronicle those Pokémon native to the region, starting with the Template:Type2 starter Pokémon, and followed by its evolutions, the Template:Type2 starter and its evolutions, and the Template:Type2 starter and its evolutions, then continuing through the rest of the Pokémon native to the region. Legendary Pokémon of the region are typically placed near the end, while the very last spot or two are occupied by special Pokémon not normally encountered.
A regional Pokédex will often place newly released evolutions and pre-evolutions near their base form, no matter how much distance is between them in the National Pokédex. For example, in the National Pokédex, Aipom falls at #190, with its evolution Ambipom at #424. In the Sinnoh region's Pokédex, however, they are #063 and #064, respectively. Capturing all Pokémon in a regional Pokédex will cause the Game Freak developers in-game to award the player with a diploma in Generation I, Generation II, and Generation III. Completing the National Pokédex awards another diploma in Generation III. In Generation IV, seeing every Pokémon in the Sinnoh region's Pokédex allows the player to receive the upgrade to National mode from Professor Oak.
So far, however, only the Sinnoh region's original Pokédex does not naturally include all of the new Pokémon released in that generation. In Diamond and Pearl, Pokémon such as Gligar and Eevee were excluded from the listing, despite both receiving new evolutions in Generation IV and being easily available after getting the National Pokédex. The reasoning for this is unknown, however, both of these Pokémon, as well as all others that are relatives of a Generation IV Pokémon, among others, were added to the Sinnoh Pokédex in Platinum.
The Pokédex order for the four main regions of the Pokémon world are as follows:
The National Pokédex, which catalogs every Pokémon currently known, is as follows:
In the spin-off games, Pokémon Ranger and Pokémon Ranger: Shadows of Almia, Pokémon information is stored in the Browser, which acts similarly to a Pokédex for Pokémon Rangers. It is as follows:
In Pokémon Colosseum and Pokémon XD, the Strategy Memo acts as a Pokédex for Orre, listing Pokémon alphabetically.