Please remember to follow the manual of style and code of conduct at all times.
Check BNN and Bulbanews for up-to-date Pokémon news and discuss it on the forums or in our IRC channel #bulbagarden on
From our friends

Pikachu (Pokémon)

From Bulbapedia, the community-driven Pokémon encyclopedia.
Jump to: navigation, search
000 #{{{prevnum}}}: Arbok
#{{{nextnum}}}: Raichu 000
ピカチュウ Pikachu
Artwork from FR/LG
Electric '
Mouse Pokémon
Exp. at Lv. 100
Regional Pokédex numbers
Regional Browser numbers
0.4 m
13.2 lbs.
6.0 kg
Dex color
Catch rate
190 (24.8%)
Body style
Gender ratio
Ground and
Fairy groups
1 cycles
(255 minimum steps)
EV yield
Base Exp.: 82 Battle Exp.: 821*

Pikachu (Japanese: ピカチュウ Pikachu) is an Electric-type Pokémon. It is the starter Pokémon one receives at the beginning of Pokémon Yellow, and is popularly known as the mascot of the Pokémon franchise.

Pikachu comes with the Ability Static, which paralyzes the foe 30% of the time it uses a direct attack on Pikachu.

Pikachu evolves with exposure to a Template:I into Raichu. It evolves from Pichu when it grows a level and its Tameness is 220 or above.

Pikachu is the version mascot of Pokémon Yellow, appearing on the boxart.



A Pikachu is a ground-dwelling rodent notable for its Electric abilities. Pikachu have short, yellow fur with brown stripes on its back, black-tipped ears, along with an unusually shaped tail, resembling a lightning bolt. Besides its evolution and pre-evolution, it may be related to Plusle, Minun and Pachirisu, due to notable physical similarities.

Pikachu are known to have acute senses of hearing, thanks to its large ears. Most domestic Pikachu are very intelligent, understanding and interpreting human speech at levels far surpassing those of any pet dog.

Gender differences

A female Pikachu has a small "dent" at the end of its tail, causing it to resemble a heart.

Special abilities

Exclusive to the Pikachu's subspecies is the ability to release electric discharges of varying intensity, at will, through electric sacs in its cheeks. This electric energy can be manipulated into a variety of techniques which are mostly used in battle but which can be used to roast berries as well.

As Pikachu build up energy in their electricity glands, it is often needed to discharge, as to not result in a short, or worse, which can lead to physical Paralysis, or in severe cases death. Pikachu release the built-up energy through their tail, which acts as a grounding rod, to safely remove unneeded energy. A sure sign to tell if a location is inhabited by Pikachu is to look for patches of burnt grass, which is the result of the discharge. Through an inability to release a buildup of electricity, a Pikachu may develop a rare condition similar to the human flu. This illness is most often caused by strong nearby electro-magnetic forces, which severely impact the electric glands. If a Pikachu is introduced to a magnet, it will be attracted towards its cheeks, and display other common attributes of magnetism.

In a few rare cases, Pikachu can learn to manipulate Water and, with the help of a surfboard, perform the move Surf.


In the wild, Pikachu often travel in packs, and are rarely territorial. However, when threatened, a group can generate an intense electrical offensive, and the electro-magnetic forces exerted by the resulting field can even produce a short lived, localized thunderstorm. Pikachu can be harmful pests, eating and sometimes destroying telephone poles, wires, and other electronic equipment.

Despite this, it is a popular pet, and relatively easy to maintain, with little exercise necessary for its well being. However, it is important to discharge the electricity in its cheeks periodically.

As many know, yanking on a Pikachu's tail will result in a severe shock or a bite to the offender. Another defense of Pikachu's is the use of its nasty bite which has been known to leave quite a mark.


They are found mostly in forests, but possibly because of their attraction to their electricity or simply because they are not afraid of people, Pikachu commonly show up in civilized areas. They may even enter houses, presumably attracted by the electrical output generated by the dwellers' appliances.


Main article: Pokémon food

Living in wooded areas, Pikachu often are found foraging for berries. Instead of climbing trees, they use small electrical shocks to release the berries from the tree, roasting them at the same time.

As pets, they can be fed a variety of processed food, available at many pet stores. Alternatively, like most Pokémon, Pikachu are tolerant to most "human" foods, and sometimes enjoy them more than the more nutritional food designed for their biology. In fact, Pikachu have been known to have a fondness of ketchup.

In the anime

Ash Ketchum has a Pikachu that he obtained from Professor Oak in Pokémon, I Choose You!, the first episode of the Pokémon anime series. It has appeared in every non-special episode since. Pikachu has also appeared in every Pokémon Movie.
A Pikachu from the anime

James used a Pikachu in the Pokémon League Entrance Exam in The Ultimate Test, but the Pikachu was defeated by the instructor's Graveler. James, after interfering with a battle Ash was having with the instuctor, later tried to steal this Pikachu.

Another Pikachu nicknamed Puka was owned by a man named Victor on Seafoam Island in The Pi-Kahuna. This blue-eyed Pikachu had the ability to sense tidal waves approaching.

Ritchie also has a Pikachu nicknamed Sparky, who debuted in A Friend In Deed.

Ash gets turned into a Pikachu in Hocus Pokémon by a Pokémon magician named Lily. He reverts to his human form at the beginning of the next episode.

A Pikachu named Sugar belonging to the owners of a restaurant went missing prior to Cooking up a Great Story!. That Pikachu evolved into a Raichu near the end of the episode.

A Pikachu also had a part in Pokémon Mystery Dungeon: Team Go-Getters out of the Gate!. He was kidnapped by a Skarmory and Team Go-Getters set out to rescue him as their first mission. Pikachu provided them with some items in the battle.

In the manga

A Pikachu is one of the main characters in Pokémon PiPiPi Adventure.

A more mouse-like Pikachu that communicates through pantomime is one of Isamu Akai's Pokémon in Pocket Monsters.

Satoshi has a Pikachu as one of the members of his team in Pokémon Zensho. It later evolves into a Raichu.

Shuu's first Pokémon was a Pikachu he found abandoned in the forest in Pokémon Getto Da Ze!

Ash's Pikachu was the main character in the short-lived Pokémon Newspaper Strip.

Pokémon Special

Both Red and Yellow have Pika and Chu Chu, respectively. Pika often used to shock Red repeatedly. However, Pika becomes one of Red's most valued Pokémon.

Pikachu debuted in its own round in the Red, Green & Blue chapter, Wanted: Pikachu!. Here, Pika is captured by Red.

In the ninth Volume, Yellow is seen to have a new addition to her team: a Pikachu she had found injured in the Viridian Forest and nursed back to health. When Pika is left behind by Red on his trip to Mt. Silver, Pika joins Yellow and Chuchu on their trip to Johto.

Pika and Chuchu share a loving relationship, one that is so strong that even Jasmine noticed, prompting her to hand Yellow a slip with the Pokémon Daycare's address on it. In Volume 13, after Yellow and Wilton are brought to the Daycare after being shipwrecked, Yellow finds that Pika and Chuchu now have an egg shortly after they were "put together". The egg eventually hatches into Gold's Pichu.

Pokédex entry: When several of these Pokémon gather, their electricity could build up and cause lightning storms. Forest dwellers, they are few in number and exceptionally rare. The pouches in their cheeks discharge electricity at their opponents. The Pikachu are believed to be highly intelligent.

In the TFG

One Pikachu figure has been released.

Other appearances

Super Smash Bros.

Pikachu is a playable character and the only Pokémon that is playable from the start of the game. It is in the fifth box of the second row. Its main stage is Saffron City.

Super Smash Bros. Melee

Pikachu is a playable character and the only Pokémon that is playable from the start of the game. It is initially placed to the right of Mario but moves to the bottom row after Luigi is unlocked. Its main stage is Kanto: Pokémon Stadium.

Trophy information

Classic Mode

It's safe to say that Pikachu is the most famous and popular of all Pokémon. It has electric pouches in both cheeks; when in danger, it shoots electricity at its enemies. Although Pikachu can evolve into Raichu by exposure to a Thunderstone, many trainers like Pikachu so much that they don't let it evolve.

Adventure Mode

While its electrical attacks, such as Thunder and Thunder Jolt, are powerful, Pikachu is at its best speeding around the fray and waiting for its chance to strike. You can control the path of Pikachu's two-directional Quick Attack, allowing you to jump twice. Hold down the B Button to charge up Skull Bash.

All-Star Mode

The angle of the Control Stick controls the direction of Pikachu's Quick Attack. Pikachu will move blindingly fast, and it will also cause damage to any character it runs into. Move the Control Stick during Quick Attack and Pikachu will move in up to two directions. Be sure to check out the ceilings on the level when you use Thunder.

Super Smash Bros. Brawl

Pikachu has been confirmed as a returning playable character since the first trailer was released. Its Final Smash move is Volt Tackle.

Game data

NPC appearances

  • Pokémon Stadium: Pikachu stars in the mini-game "Thundering Dynamo" alongside Voltorb. This mini-game involves charging up electric power.
  • Pokémon Pinball: Pikachu serves as a Ball-Saver, but it will only work if the Lightning Meter is full.
  • Pokémon Pinball: Ruby and Sapphire: Pikachu has the same role as in Pokémon Pinball but is sometimes helped by Pichu. Pikachu also appears on the Catch 'Em Mode banner.

Pokédex entries

This Pokémon was unavailable prior to Generation I.
Generation I
Red When several of these Pokémon gather, their electricity could build and cause lightning storms.
Yellow It keeps its tail raised to monitor its surroundings. If you yank its tail, it will try to bite you.
Stadium Lives in forests away from people. It stores electricity in its cheeks for zapping an enemy if it is attacked.
Generation II
Gold This intelligent Pokémon roasts hard berries with electricity to make them tender enough to eat.
Silver It raises its tail to check its surroundings. The tail is sometimes struck by lightning in this pose.
Crystal When it is angered, it immediately discharges the energy stored in the pouches in its cheeks.
Stadium 2 This intelligent Pokémon roasts hard Berries with electricity to make them tender enough to eat.
Generation III
Ruby Whenever Pikachu comes across something new, it blasts it with a jolt of electricity. If you come across a blackened berry, it's evidence that this Pokémon mistook the intensity of its charge.
Sapphire This Pokémon has electricity-storing pouches on its cheeks. These appear to become electrically charged during the night while Pikachu sleeps. It occasionally discharges electricity when it is dozy after waking up.
Emerald It stores electricity in the electric sacs on its cheeks. When it releases pent-up energy in a burst, the electric power is equal to a lightning bolt.
FireRed It has small electric sacs on both its cheeks. If threatened, it looses electric charges from the sacs.
LeafGreen When several of these Pokémon gather, their electricity could build and cause lightning storms.
Generation IV
Diamond It lives in forests with others. It stores electricity in the pouches on its cheeks.
Pearl If it looses crackling power from the electrical pouches on its cheeks, it is being wary.
Platinum {{{platinumdex}}}
HeartGold {{{heartgolddex}}}
SoulSilver {{{soulsilverdex}}}
Generation V
Black {{{blackdex}}}
White {{{whitedex}}}
Black 2 {{{black2dex}}}
White 2 {{{white2dex}}}
Generation VI
X Unknown
Y Unknown

Game locations

This Pokémon was unavailable prior to Generation I.
Generation I
Red Blue
Rare Viridian Forest, Power Plant
Blue (Japan)
None Trade
One Starter Pokémon from Professor Oak in Pallet Town
Generation II
Gold Silver
Rare Route 2
Rare Route 2
Generation III
Ruby Sapphire
Rare Safari Zone
Rare Safari Zone
FireRed LeafGreen
Rare Viridian Forest, Power Plant
None Trade
None Trade
Generation IV
Diamond Pearl
Common Trophy Garden
None Trade
HeartGold SoulSilver
None Trade
Pal Park
Generation V
Black White
None Trade
Black 2 White 2
None Trade
Dream World
Generation VI
None Trade

In side games

Game Location
Pokémon Channel Collect all 101 Nice Cards
Pokémon Pinball: Ruby & Sapphire Safari Zone (Ruby Field)
Pokémon Trozei Secret Storage 4
Secret Storage 20
Endless Level 1
Mr. Who's Den
Pokémon Mystery Dungeon Starter Pokémon
Lightning Field (6F-10F)
Pokémon Ranger Lyra Forest
Panula Cave
Sekra Mountain Range

Base stats

Stat Range
At Lv. 50 At Lv. 100
HP: 35
95 - 142 180 - 274
Attack: 55
54 - 117 103 - 229
Defense: 30
31 - 90 58 - 174
Sp.Atk: 50
49 - 112 94 - 218
Sp.Def: 40
40 - 101 76 - 196
Speed: 90
85 - 156 166 - 306
Total: 300   Other Pokémon with this total  
  • Minimum stats are calculated with 0 EVs, IVs of 0, and a hindering nature, if applicable.
  • Maximum stats are calculated with 252 EVs, IVs of 31, and a helpful nature, if applicable.
  • This Pokémon's  Special  base stat in Generation I was 50.

Type effectiveness

Template:DP type effectiveness


Template:Learnset intro

By leveling up

Game Generation I Generation II Generation III Generation IV
From Pichu Charm
Sweet Kiss
Sweet Kiss
Sweet Kiss
Nasty Plot
Start Thundershock
5       Tail Whip
6   Tail Whip Tail Whip Tail Whip  
8   Thunder Wave Thunder Wave Thunder Wave  
9 Thunder Wave        
10       Thunder Wave
11   Quick Attack Quick Attack Quick Attack  
13       Quick Attack
15   Double Team Double Team Double Team  
16 Quick Attack        
18       Double Team
20   Slam Slam Headbutt Slam  
21       Slam
26 Swift Thunderbolt Thunderbolt Thunderbolt Thunderbolt
29       Feint
33 Agility Agility Agility  
34       Agility
37       Discharge
41   Thunder Thunder Thunder  
42       Light Screen
43 Thunder        
45       Thunder
50   Light Screen Light Screen Light Screen  


Number Generation I Generation II Generation III Generation IV
TM01 Mega Punch Dynamicpunch Focus Punch Focus Punch
TM02   Headbutt    
TM03   Curse    
TM04   Rollout    
TM05 Mega Kick      
TM06 Toxic Toxic Toxic Toxic
TM07   Zap Cannon    
TM08 Body Slam      
TM09 Take Down      
TM10 Double-Edge Hidden Power Hidden Power Hidden Power
TM13   Snore    
TM16 Pay Day   Light Screen Light Screen
TM17 Submission Protect Protect Protect
TM18   Rain Dance Rain Dance Rain Dance
TM19 Seismic Toss      
TM20 Rage Endure    
TM21   Frustration Frustration Frustration
TM23   Iron Tail Iron Tail Iron Tail
TM24 Thunderbolt   Thunderbolt Thunderbolt
TM25 Thunder Thunder Thunder Thunder
TM27   Return Return Return
TM28     Dig Dig
TM31 Mimic Mud Slap Brick Break Brick Break
TM32 Double Team Double Team Double Team Double Team
TM33 Reflect      
TM34 Bide Swagger Shock Wave Shock Wave
TM35   Sleep Talk    
TM39 Swift Swift    
TM40 Skull Bash Defense Curl    
TM41   Thunderpunch   Torment
TM42     Facade Facade
TM43   Detect Secret Power Secret Power
TM44 Rest Rest Rest Rest
TM45 Thunder Wave Attract Attract Attract
TM50 Substitute      
TM56       Fling
TM57       Charge Beam
TM58       Endure
TM70       Flash
TM73       Thunder Wave
TM78       Captivate
TM82       Sleep Talk
TM83       Natural Gift
TM86       Grass Knot
TM87       Swagger
TM90       Substitute
HM04   Strength Strength Strength
HM05 Flash Flash Flash
HM06     Rock Smash Rock Smash

By breeding

Generations I and II Generation III Generation IV
RBY Compatible Generation II
Bide Encore Charge Fake Out
Doubleslap Present Volt Tackle Thunderpunch
Reversal Wish Tickle

By tutoring

FRLG Emerald
Body Slam Defense Curl
Counter Dynamicpunch
Double-Edge Endure
Mega Kick Mud-Slap
Mega Punch Rollout
Mimic Sleep Talk
Seismic Toss Snore
Substitute Swagger
Thunder Wave Swift

Special moves

There are several ways for a Pikachu to learn Surf as well as Fly, though not both.

Side game data

Template:Side game


Template:EvoChart Box

Template:EvoChart Box

Template:EvoChart Box


Gen Game
I Red Blue Yellow Red (Ja) Green Back
Spr 1b 025.png Spr 1y 025.png Spr 1g 025.png Spr b g1 025.png
II Gold Silver Crystal   Back
Spr 2g 025.png Spr 2s 025.png Spr 2c 025.png Spr b 2g 025.png
Spr 2g 025 s.png Spr 2s 025 s.png Spr 2c 025 s.png Spr b 2g 025 s.png
III Ruby Sapphire Emerald FireRed LeafGreen Back
Spr 3r 025.png Spr 3e 025.png Spr 3f 025.png Spr b 3r 025.png
Spr 3r 025 s.png Spr 3e 025 s.png Spr 3f 025 s.png Spr b 3r 025 s.png
IV Diamond Pearl Platinum HeartGold SoulSilver Back
Spr 4d 025 m.png Spr 4p 025 m.png Spr 4h 025 m.png Spr b 4d 025 m.png
Spr 4d 025 f.png Spr 4p 025 f.png Spr 4h 025 f.png Spr b 4d 025 f.png
Spr 4d 025 m s.png Spr 4p 025 m s.png Spr 4h 025 m s.png Spr b 4d 025 m s.png
Spr 4d 025 f s.png Spr 4p 025 f s.png Spr 4h 025 f s.png Spr b 4d 025 f s.png
V Black White Black 2 White 2 Back
Spr 5b 025 m.png Spr 5b 025 m.png Spr b 5b 025 m.png
Spr 5b 025 f.png Spr 5b2 025 f.png Spr b 5b 025 f.png
Spr 5b 025 m s.png Spr 5b 025 m s.png Spr b 5b 025 m s.png
Spr 5b 025 f s.png Spr 5b2 025 f s.png Spr b 5b 025 f s.png
Pikachu For other sprites and images, please see Pikachu images on Bulbagarden Archives.



Pikachu has physical aspects resembling several species of rodents, such as mice and squirrels. However, Pikachu most resembles the lagomorph known as the pika.

Name origin

Pikachu is a combination of ぴかぴか pikapika, which is Japanese onomatopoeia for sparkle, and ちゅうちゅう chūchū, which is the sound of squeaking. It may also be related to pika, a type of rodent.

In other languages

  • German: Pikachu
  • French: Pikachu
  • Korean: 피카츄 Pikachyu
  • Chinese (Taiwan): 皮卡丘 Pí Ka Qiu - Transliteration of the original name.
  • Chinese (Hong Kong): 比卡超 Bî Ka Chao
  • Spanish: Pikachu

Related articles

External links

Starter Pokémon
Pikachu (player)
Eevee (rival)
Espeon and Umbreon
Super Smash Bros. series
Games: Super Smash Bros.Super Smash Bros. MeleeSuper Smash Bros. BrawlSuper Smash Bros. for Nintendo 3DS/Wii U
Characters: PikachuJigglypuffMewtwoPichuPokémon Trainer (SquirtleIvysaurCharizard) • LucarioGreninja
Stages: Saffron CityPokémon StadiumPoké FloatsPokémon Stadium 2Spear Pillar
Prism TowerUnova Pokémon LeagueKalos Pokémon League
Poké Ball: AbomasnowArceusArticunoBeedrillBellossomBlastoiseBonslyCelebiChansey
GulpinHitmonleeHo-OhInkayJirachiKeldeoKoffingKyogreKyuremLatias and Latios
Stickers & Trophies: Melee Trophy listBrawl Sticker listBrawl Trophy list
Misc: The Subspace EmissaryMy MusicFinal SmashPokémon ChangeBrawl cameos

Template:Smash Bros. Melee Template:Smash Bros. Brawl

000 #{{{prevnum}}}: Arbok
#{{{nextnum}}}: Raichu 000
Project Pokédex logo.png This Pokémon article is part of Project Pokédex, a Bulbapedia project that aims to write comprehensive articles on each Pokémon as a species.