Paralysis (status condition)
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Reason: Gen II, IV and V, Non-game info.
The paralysis condition (PAR) (Japanese:まひ Paralysis) causes a Pokémon to be unable to attack ("fully paralyzed") a quarter of the time. Additionally, its Speed is reduced to 25% of its previous value (except for Pokémon with the Quick Feet ability, where this condition raises the Speed by 50%). Many [moves that cause paralysis are Electric-type. Ground-type Pokémon can be paralyzed, but not by Electric-type moves or by the Battle Arcade. In Generation V, Pokémon glow yellow when afflicted with paralysis.
In general, a paralyzed Pokémon runs a 25% risk of losing their turn due to full paralysis. In addition, the afflicted Pokémon's Speed decreases by 25%. The specifics work differently between generations.
Changing the Speed modifier of a paralyzed Pokémon would reset the Speed to act as if the Pokémon were not paralyzed, effectively nullifying the cut stat. Rest cures the affliction, but it does not fix the Speed reduction caused by it. In Pokémon Stadium, both of those errors were fixed. Additionally, the move Haze would cure the user's Speed drop if it was paralyzed until it was next switched in.
If a paralyzed Pokémon Baton Passed to another paralyzed Pokémon, the second one would not have its Speed reduced until a move which affected the Speed stat modifier, recalculating its Speed, was used. In Pokémon Stadium 2, however, the new Pokémon's Speed is reduced if the last Speed-modifying attack used was one that raised Speed. It will not be reduced if the new Pokémon uses a Speed-modifying attack.
For a status ailment, Paralysis is rather common. There are a variety of attacks that can cause this condition,
A Pokémon has a 30% chance of being paralyzed after making contact with one with the Static ability. In addition, Effect Spore has a 30% of causing either Paralysis, Sleep, or Poison. It can also be paralyzed if it directly paralyzed a Pokémon with Synchronize.
Prevention and curing
Paralysis can be cured with the use of a Parlyz Heal or a Cheri Berry (PRZCureBerry in Generation II). In addition, like all other major status ailments, it can be cured by the items Full Heal, Lava Cookie, Huin Ice, Full Restore, Old Gateau, Heal Powder, Lum Berry and Sacred Ash.
Moves and abilities
Refresh and Rest can remove the paralysis status ailment from the user, while Heal Bell and Aromatherapy removes it from all Pokémon in the party. A Pokémon with Natural Cure will be cured upon switching out, one with the Hydration ability will be cured whilst it is raining, and one with Shed Skin has a 1/3 chance of being cured every turn. In Generation IV, Pokémon with Magic Guard are immune to full paralysis. A Pokémon with Limber is fully immune to paralysis. SmellingSalt will deal double damage if the target is parlyzed, but will cure the paralysis.
While paralysis, like all major status ailments, has primarily negative effects, it can be advantageous to have it in certain conditions. Pokémon with Guts, Marvel Scale, and Quick Feet will have their Attack, Defense, and Speed increased, respectively, when paralyzed, poisoned, or burned. In addition, the base power of Facade is doubled (from 70 to 140) when inflicted with any of these three status ailments.